Management Notes

Reference Notes for Management

A person’s position in a country’s social stratification is determined by

A person’s position in a country’s social stratification is determined by

  1. Prestige, family, legal records, occupation & favorite food
  2. Clothes, accessories, hobbies, shoes, & number of credit cards
  3. Wealth, power, income, race, education
  4. GNI, PPP, GDP, GNI, the PRB, & the standards of living

Answer: c. Wealth, power, income, race, education

Answer Explanation

A person’s position in a country’s social stratification is determined by Wealth, power, income, race, education. Five, crucial determinants of social stratification are wealth, power, income, race, and education.


Assets, property, and financial resources play a major role in determining his or her social status. Wealthier individuals tend to be able to access better education, health care, and lifestyles, which further strengthens their position in society.


The ability to influence decisions, control resources, and exercise authority is the definition of power. As their decisions and actions can have a significant impact on the lives of others, people in positions of political, economic, or social power often occupy higher social strata.


Higher income generally correlates with improved living standards and opportunities, elevating one’s position in society.


In many societies, race is still a major determinant of social stratification. Racism, discrimination, and systemic racism can lead to unequal opportunities, treatment, and opportunities.


Having access to a quality education equips individuals with skills and knowledge, increasing their chances of securing higher-paying jobs and social advancement.

Why the other options are not correct

a. Prestige, family, legal records, occupation & favorite food

Despite the possibility that some of these factors influence an individual’s social position, they are not the primary determinants of social stratification. Wealth and power are related to prestige and occupation, but they do not capture the full complexity of social hierarchy. It is possible to determine a person’s social standing based on family background and legal records, but these factors aren’t as direct.

b. Clothes, Accessories, Hobbies, Shoes, & Number of Credit Cards:

These factors are primarily indicators of personal taste, lifestyle choices, and spending habits, rather than significant factors in stratification. It is true that some people display their wealth and status with material possessions, but they do not represent the whole spectrum of social hierarchy. The number of credit cards is also a poor indicator of social position since it can be influenced by a variety of factors unrelated to social class.

c. GNI, PPP, GDP, GNI, the PRB, & the standards of living

As macro-level metrics, these indicators do not directly determine an individual’s social position, even though they are relevant in assessing a country’s economic performance and well-being. GDP, GNI, PRB, and Standards of Living are measures of a nation’s economic health, whereas the Population Reference Bureau (PRB) is a demographic organization. However, they do not address the individual-level factors that determine social stratification, which may indirectly affect the overall socioeconomic landscape.


There are a number of factors that influence social stratification as a multidimensional construct. Wealth, power, income, race, and education are the primary factors that determine a person’s position in society, but different societies prioritize different factors.

In order to combat social inequality and foster a more equitable society where opportunities are accessible to all, regardless of background, it is crucial to understand these determinants. Societies can reduce disparities and provide equal opportunities for everyone to thrive and contribute positively to their communities by acknowledging and acting upon these factors.

Which of the following best describes the areas studied as a part of environmental sociology?

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