A tariff-rate quota
|a. is a limit on the number of tariffs that a country can place on imports|
b. uses a single tariff along with import quotas to restrict imports
c. is designed to avoid the price increases caused by simple tariffs
d. is a two-tier tariff system intended to restrict imports
The Correct Answer Is:
d. is a two-tier tariff system intended to restrict imports One
Correct Answer Explanation: d. is a two-tier tariff system intended to restrict imports One
A tariff-rate quota (TRQ) is a trade policy tool that combines elements of both tariffs and quotas to regulate the importation of specific goods. The correct answer is option d, which states that a tariff-rate quota is a two-tier tariff system intended to restrict imports.
In detail, a tariff-rate quota involves two components: a lower tariff rate applied to a certain quantity of imports and a higher tariff rate applied to quantities exceeding that predefined quota.
This mechanism is designed to achieve two main objectives: to provide some market access for foreign goods up to a certain limit and to discourage the entry of larger quantities by imposing higher tariffs beyond that limit.
The use of two-tier tariff rates allows countries to strike a balance between protecting domestic industries and promoting international trade.
Now, let’s analyze why the other options are not correct:
a. A limit on the number of tariffs that a country can place on imports:
This statement inaccurately characterizes the nature of a tariff-rate quota. A tariff-rate quota does not restrict the number of tariffs a country can impose. Instead, it focuses on regulating the quantity of specific imports by implementing a two-tier tariff system.
The first tier typically involves a lower tariff rate applied to a specified quantity of imports, and the second tier consists of a higher tariff rate imposed on quantities exceeding that quota. The primary goal is to control the volume of imports rather than limiting the number of tariffs.
b. Uses a single tariff along with import quotas to restrict imports:
This option is not precise in describing a tariff-rate quota. A tariff-rate quota does involve import quotas, but it does not rely on a single tariff. Instead, it employs a dual-tier tariff structure.
The lower tariff rate applies to the quantity within the quota, providing some access to foreign goods, while the higher tariff rate is applied to quantities exceeding the established quota. This nuanced approach distinguishes it from a system that uses a single tariff in conjunction with import quotas.
c. Designed to avoid the price increases caused by simple tariffs:
This statement misrepresents the purpose of a tariff-rate quota. Unlike simple tariffs, which impose a uniform tax on all imported goods, a tariff-rate quota does not aim specifically to avoid price increases.
Instead, it seeks to manage the quantity of imports by providing a lower tariff rate for a specified quantity and a higher rate for quantities beyond that threshold. The focus is on regulating trade volume rather than mitigating the price impacts associated with simple tariffs.
In essence, a tariff-rate quota is a nuanced trade policy tool that combines elements of tariffs and quotas to strike a balance between protecting domestic industries and facilitating international trade. The other options are not accurate in their descriptions of a tariff-rate quota and its underlying mechanisms.