Management Notes

Reference Notes for Management

An example of a presumptive disability would be

An example of a presumptive disability would be


a stroke

The Correct Answer Is:

  • deafness

The correct answer is “deafness” for the category of presumptive disabilities. Presumptive disabilities are conditions or impairments that are automatically considered as disabilities without the need for extensive medical evidence or evaluation.

In the context of presumptive disabilities, it is important to understand why “deafness” is a typical example, and why the other options – “a stroke,” “diabetes,” and “cancer” – are not generally considered presumptive disabilities.

Why Deafness is a Presumptive Disability:

Deafness, in many legal and medical contexts, is considered a presumptive disability. This is because it is typically diagnosed and assessed through objective measures, such as hearing tests and audiograms, which provide clear and conclusive evidence of the condition.

When an individual’s hearing loss reaches a certain threshold, often defined by specific criteria (e.g., a certain level of hearing loss in decibels), it is automatically recognized as a disability without the need for further evaluation.

For example, many governmental agencies and organizations use a specific threshold of hearing loss (e.g., a hearing loss of 70 decibels or greater) to categorize someone as legally deaf.

Once an individual’s hearing loss meets or exceeds this threshold, they are considered to have a presumptive disability, and they may be eligible for various accommodations and support services, such as sign language interpreters, assistive devices, or disability benefits.

Why the Other Options are Not Presumptive Disabilities:

A Stroke:

A stroke is not considered a presumptive disability because its impact can vary significantly from person to person. The effects of a stroke depend on factors such as the severity of the stroke, the location in the brain where it occurred, and the individual’s response to treatment and rehabilitation.

Some people may fully recover from a stroke with minimal disability, while others may experience significant impairments. Determining disability resulting from a stroke often requires a thorough medical evaluation to assess the specific limitations and functional abilities of the affected individual.


Diabetes is a chronic medical condition characterized by high blood sugar levels. While diabetes can lead to complications and health issues, it is not automatically considered a presumptive disability.

The impact of diabetes on an individual’s life can vary widely depending on factors such as the type of diabetes, the individual’s ability to manage their condition, and the presence of related complications (e.g., diabetic neuropathy or retinopathy). Whether an individual with diabetes qualifies as having a disability often depends on the specific effects of the condition on their daily activities and health.


Cancer, like stroke and diabetes, is not generally considered a presumptive disability. The term “cancer” encompasses a wide range of diseases that can affect various parts of the body.

The disability status of an individual with cancer depends on factors such as the type of cancer, its stage, the treatment received, and the resulting physical and functional limitations. Some individuals with cancer may qualify for disability benefits or accommodations, but it requires a case-by-case evaluation to determine the extent of disability.

In conclusion, “deafness” is a typical example of a presumptive disability because it can be objectively diagnosed through hearing tests, and there are clear criteria for categorizing an individual as legally deaf.

The other options, such as “a stroke,” “diabetes,” and “cancer,” are not considered presumptive disabilities because their impact and disability status vary greatly depending on individual circumstances and the specific nature and severity of the condition.

Each of these conditions requires a more detailed assessment to determine the extent of disability and the need for accommodations or support services.

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