Basic Assumptions of Organizational Behavior | Organizational Behavior

Basic Assumptions of Organizational Behavior

Basic Assumptions of Organizational Behavior
Organizational Behavior
Management Notes

Basic Assumptions of Organizational Behavior: Every discipline has a philosophical foundations of some basic assumptions or fundamental concepts that guide its development.Those concepts and assumptions support the discipline to flourish and develop.The basic assumptions of organizational behaviour are as follows:

Basic Assumptions of Organizational Behavior

A. The Nature of People

  1. Individual differences
  2. A whole person
  3. Caused behaviour
  4. Value of the person

B. The Nature of Organization

  1. Social Systems
  2. Mutual interests

A. The Nature of People

1. Individual differences:

Every individual has different physical chalaracteristics, priorities, perception and the way of expression. Each one possesses unique talents, intelligences, personality and so on. From the very beginning of life, each person is unique and individual experiences after birth make people even more different.Managers need to consider these differences because they affect on the job behaviours of employees. Therefore,every person should be selected, trained and treated on the basis of what the kind of person he is.

2. A whole person :

A person should be accepted as a whole person.That means when an employee comes to the workplace as a complete person, he/she has his/her background, sentiments,emotions,feelings,etc. which cannot be separated from the skills they are using on the job.Hence, OB assumes that a person as whole person and focuses on developing him/her in terms of growth and fulfillment.

3. Caused behaviour :

Human beings do not exhibit behavior randomly; rather the behavior is caused by some motive, need, want or any drives. Always employee behavior is directed towards the goal and it can be caused by some motives, belief systems, perception, understanding, education, experience and environment.Managers need to motivate employees , and determine what managerial action satisfy human needs what actions threaten their need fulfillments.

4. Value of the person(Human dignity) :

Human dignity appeals for fair treatment to people.This concept tells that people should be treated differently as compared to other resources in the organization. It calls for self-respect and value of people. People should be properly treated and given the value and recognition for their valued contribution.Managers must recognize and excercise value system.

B. The Nature of Organization

1. Social Systems :

Organization are social systems which is established by human association and governed by psychological laws or rules. Like in social system, interrelation, interaction and interdependency between people continue till an organization exists. People are involved in organization to fulfill their psychological needs; they perform some definite roles and possess status.

People’s behaviour is influenced by theirown needs as well as organizational goals.The idea of social system proovides a framework for analyzing organizational behaviour issues.It helps to make organizational behaviour problems understandable and manageable.

2. Mutual interests :

Organization needs people and people also need organization.People need organization as a means to achieve their goals and organizations need people to achieve organizational goals.There is a clear give and take relationship between people and organization.

Author: Smirti

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