What is Personality in Organizational Behavior
In organizational behavior, personality refers to a unique and relatively stable set of individual characteristics that affect how individuals think, feel, and behave in a work-related context. Organizational Behavior is a critical field of study because it provides valuable insight into employees’ attitudes, behaviors, and performance based on their personalities.
In Organizational Behavior, personality is often analyzed using a variety of theories and models, including:
In trait theories, personality can be viewed as a collection of relatively stable characteristics or traits. Personality traits are the enduring patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that distinguish one individual from another. The Big Five Personality Model is an excellent tool for assessing personality traits.
Big Five Personality Model:
The Big Five Personality Model categorizes personality into five major dimensions, based on five major dimensions addressed by the Big Five:
a. Openness to Experience:
Shows an individual’s curiosity and willingness to try new things.
It refers to an individual’s ability to organize, be responsible, and depend on others.
The extraversion scale measures how outgoing, assertive, and social an individual is.
An individual’s tendency to be kind, cooperative, and considerate is reflected in their ability to agree with others.
e. Neuroticism (Emotional Stability):
The neuroticism (Emotional Stability) test measures the stability of emotions versus instability or neurosis.