Old Question Paper 2015 Fall
Fundamentals of Organizational Behaviour
BBA | BBA-BI | BBA-TT | BCIS | BHCM| Semester: Fall|Pokhara University
Importance of Motivation in Organization
The importance of motivation is obvious. We need motivation in order to reach our goals. In fact, it is one of the most important and driving factors for us to reach our goals. So when that being said it is not hard to imaging how things would be if there was no such thing as motivation.
Motivation does not have to be positive emotions. Fear can be a very effective motivating factor. Stress is an example of negative motivating ineffective feelings. Most people have a tendency to become narrow sighted when they are stressed, some even get paralyzed or apathy.
Is motivation important in the workplace? You bet! Why? First, you spend more time at work than you do awake at home. And typically, work environments are very goal-oriented. Some people argue that getting goals motivates people. This is of course not true. It is the rewards for reaching the goals that motivate or the feeling of fulfillment when they reach their goals or the satisfaction of being important etc. This is why many companies and organizations are very strong on bonuses and appraisals.
Importance of Groups |From employees Perspective
| Groups | Organizational Behavior
BBA | BBA-BI | BBA-TT | BCIS
What is a Group?
A group is the collection of two or more two people working together, interacting and interdependent having a common goal. In our daily life group has been a central part. One of the social characteristics of a group is that we belong to many different types of groups in our daily lives like family, friends, schools, offices, etc. If we talk about social aggregate then they are the collection of people situationally together but no common interest. Properties of a group include closure, associativity, identity, etc.
A study of organizational behavior simply involves analyzing the behavior of individuals within the organization.
Management involves understanding and controlling human behavior in order to improve the performance of an organization.
Through understanding organizational behavior, organizations can better understand the behavior of the people working with them.
In this world, every substance has certain elements. Likewise, Organizational Behavior (OB) has also four main elements.ie; people, structure, technology, and external environment.
When people come and join together in an organization to achieve or accomplish certain goals or objectives, some kind of structure is required and people use different techniques to get the job done properly.
So, there is an interaction between elements; people, structure and technology which is influenced by the external environment.
What is meant by Organizational Behavior?
Organizational behavior (OB) is a broad field of business study that examines how people behave in an organization and how managers can influence them to act in specific ways that are beneficial to the organization.
The study of organizational behavior is influenced by many disciplines, including management theory, psychology, and efficiency analysis. It is difficult to pinpoint exactly what organizational behavior is or how it works, but key components are leadership, culture, structure, and communication.
It is very important to study organizational behavior because it provides an understanding of why people behave as they do in organizations. In any organization, the importance of organizational behavior has tremendous necessities.
Organizational Behavior helps us to study human being and their complex nature in organizations by identifying the causes and effects of that behavior.
Having the concept and knowledge of Organizational Psychology helps to scientifically study human behavior in the organizational settings. The Organizational structure also affects the organizational behavior because it defines how tasks are divided, grouped, and coordinated in organizations.
Steps of Organizational Behavior Modification
Behavior modification is the process which involves making specific behavior occur more or less often by systematically managing its cues and consequences. It is simply we can say application of reinforcement concepts to individuals in the work settings for the proper functioning of the organizational goals by decreasing unwanted behavior and help employees to show suitable workplace behavior.