Management Notes

Reference Notes for Management

Centrifugal method is used for one of the following process:

Centrifugal method is used for one of the following process:


A. Mixing
B. Purification
C. Separation
D. Sizing

The Correct Answer Is:

  • C. Separation

The correct answer is C. Separation.

The centrifugal method is primarily used for the process of separation. To understand why centrifugation is associated with separation and why the other options (mixing, purification, and sizing) are not correct, let’s explore each aspect in detail.

Centrifugation for Separation:

Centrifugation is a powerful laboratory technique and industrial process used to separate components or particles of a mixture based on their density, size, and shape. It operates on the principle of centrifugal force, generated by the rapid rotation of a sample or substance in a centrifuge machine.

This force causes particles within the mixture to move away from the center of rotation and settle in different layers according to their characteristics. Centrifugation is a widely employed method for achieving efficient separation in various fields, including biology, chemistry, medicine, and industry.

How Centrifugation Works for Separation:

The underlying principle of centrifugation is relatively straightforward. When a mixture is subjected to high-speed rotation in a centrifuge, a powerful centrifugal force is generated. This force acts outward, away from the center of rotation. Particles within the mixture experience this force differently depending on their characteristics:

Dense Components:

Heavier or denser components within the mixture move outward more rapidly and settle at the bottom of the centrifuge tube or container. This forms a pellet or sediment consisting of the dense particles.

Less Dense Components:

Lighter or less dense components remain closer to the top, forming a distinct layer above the sediment.


The liquid portion of the mixture, which may contain soluble components, remains above the less dense layer.

By using centrifugation, scientists and researchers can achieve separation based on various factors, such as particle density, size, and shape. This technique is particularly valuable when dealing with heterogeneous mixtures containing solid particles or cellular components.

Applications of Centrifugation in Separation:

Centrifugation has numerous practical applications across different fields:

Biological Research:

Centrifugation is extensively used in biology to separate cellular components. For example, it can be employed to separate red and white blood cells from plasma, isolate organelles (e.g., mitochondria) for further study, and separate proteins or DNA fragments based on their size and density.

Clinical Diagnostics:

In clinical laboratories, centrifugation is crucial for various diagnostic tests. It is used to separate serum or plasma from whole blood, allowing for the analysis of blood chemistry, hormone levels, and disease markers.


Chemists use centrifugation to separate chemical compounds, isolate precipitates formed during chemical reactions, and purify substances by separating impurities and by-products.

Wastewater Treatment:

In wastewater treatment plants, centrifugation helps separate solid particles and contaminants from liquid effluents, facilitating the purification process.

Food and Beverage Industry:

Centrifugation is applied in food processing to separate solids from liquids, such as extracting fruit juice from pulp or separating cream from milk.

Why the Other Options Are Not Correct:

A. Mixing:

Centrifugation is not used for mixing substances; instead, it is employed to separate components within a mixture. Mixing involves the combination of different substances to create a homogeneous mixture, whereas centrifugation focuses on the segregation of components.

B. Purification:

While centrifugation can be a component of purification processes, it is not purification itself. Purification typically encompasses a series of steps aimed at removing impurities, contaminants, or undesired components from a substance. Centrifugation may be utilized to separate pure components from impurities, but it is just one part of the overall purification strategy.

D. Sizing:

Centrifugation is not primarily used for sizing particles or determining their dimensions. Particle sizing typically involves techniques like sieving, microscopy, laser diffraction, or other specialized methods designed to measure and characterize particle size.

In summary, centrifugation is a technique primarily used for the process of separation based on density, size, and shape. It is a versatile and widely applied method across scientific, medical, and industrial fields. While it can be part of purification processes, it is not purification itself. It is not used for mixing substances or determining particle sizes.

Understanding the principles and applications of centrifugation is essential for scientists and professionals working in diverse fields where efficient separation of components is required.

Related Posts

Leave a Comment