Cognitive Dissonance | Strategies to reduce Cognitive Dissonance | Cognitive Dissonance Quizlet | Organizational Behavior
Cognitive Dissonance is the situation involving inconsistent or conflicting thoughts, attitudes, beliefs, or behavior. It is the feeling of uncomfortable tension which comes from holding two conflicting thoughts in mind at the same time related to behavioral decision and change in attitude which produces the feeling of discomfort. When there is a discrepancy between belief and behavior, something must change in order to eliminate or reduce the dissonance.
Cognitive dissonance is powerful motivator which leads to change conflicting belief or action. This discomfort or incompatibility can be released by three actions.
- Change your behavior
- Justify your behavior by changing conflict
- Justify your behavior by adding new cognition
Strategies to Reduce Cognitive Dissonance
People are uncomfortable in dissonance so they try to reduce this discomfort or seek consistency by using different strategies like;
- Focus on Supportive Beliefs to balance dissonance
- Reduce Conflicting Idea and know the importance of specific
- Change the conflicting belief which helps to make consistency with other beliefs or behavior.
Cognitive Dissonance Quizlet
Which of the following would result in cognitive dissonance?
a. I believe smoking is bad for my health; I love to smoke.
b. I believe exercising is healthy; I love to exercise.
c. I believe dresses are feminine; Nicole Kidman sometimes wears pants.
d. I believe profanity is childish; my father uses profanity.
Cognitive dissonance causes discomfort because it disrupts our sense of ________.?
Cognitive dissonance theory is most helpful in understanding the impact of:
a. groupthink on social conflict.
b. deindividuation on the bystander effect.
c. team membership on social loafing.
d. role-playing on attitude change
Postpurchase cognitive dissonance is especially likely for products that are
a. cheap, poorly made, and made of plastic.
b. simple, easily copied, and new.
c. psychologically soothing, purchased impulsively, and part of a consumer’s evoked set.
d. expensive, infrequently purchased, and associated with high levels of risk.
e. personally valuable, antique, or foreign-made.
Which of the following statements concerning cognitive dissonance is true
a. Cognitive dissonance has been debunked as a scientific theory.
b. Cognitive dissonance involves an inconsistency between what people say and what they do.
c. It only happens to intelligent individuals.
d. Cognitive dissonance is only found in adolescents and adults.
Which of the following statements is most likely to be true regarding cognitive dissonance?
a. High dissonance is accompanied by high rewards.
b. People are less inspired to reduce dissonance when it is within their control.
c. People are less likely to reduce dissonance when the behavior is crucial.
d. People are more motivated to reduce dissonance when attitudes are important.
e. The desire to reduce dissonance is not affected by moods and emotions.