Contributing Disciplines to Organizational Behavior
Contributing Disciplines to Organizational Behavior:Organization behavior is an applied science that is built up on contribution from a number of behavioral science.There are some important disciplines to the organizational behavior field which developed it extensively.Due to an increase in organizational complexity, various types of knowledge are required and help many ways.
It is the science of human and animal behaviour including the application of science to human problems.This field is interested in a very broad range of human thought and behaviour. Its contributions have been mainly at micro or individual level of analysis.More recently, their contributions have been expanded to include learning, perception, personality, training, leadership effectiveness,needs and motivational forces,job satisfaction, decision-making processes, performance appraisals, attitude measurement, employee selection techniques, work design and job stress.
It is the scientific study of the ways in which interaction, interdependence, and influence among persons affect their behaviour. This field of study blends concepts from psychology and sociology. Social psychologists have provided an answer to why people behave as they do Social psychology analyses the behaviour at group level. It has made a remarkable contribution in the areas of measuring, understanding and group decision making changing attitudes, communication patterns, processes etc.
It studies people in relation to their fellow human beings. It has made generalizations about human nature, social interaction,culture and social organizations. It is the second most important contributor to the field of Organizational Behavior. Its major contribution areas are group dynamics, communication, power, conflict, culture, norms, roles, status, socialization, organization theory, organizational change etc. It helps to analyze the behavior at both group and organization levels.
It examines all the behaviours of man which have be learned, including all the social, technical and family behaviours which are a part of the broad concept of culture. It analyses the behaviour of people at group and level. This study helps us in understanding the cultural factors on organizational behaviour, value system, comparative norms, values and attitudes, organizational culture and environment and so on.
Other social sciences
It studies individual and group behavior in relationship to a political environment and thereby helps to analyze the behavior of people at the organizational level. Popular topics derived from political science are power, political authority, conflict etc. They help to understand the influence process in Organizational Behavior. Nowadays organizations are also regarded as political systems. So, managers need to understand organizational power and political dynamics inside the organization.
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