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Educational Psychology – Meaning, Nature, Importance, Scope and MCQs | Educational Psychology Notes

Educational Psychology

Educational Psychology

Meaning of Educational Psychology

educational psychology

➦ The study of psychology entails the observation and measurement of behavior and the activities of living creatures.

➦ Education is primarily concerned with modifying the behavior of children within a controlled environment.

➦ Studying the science of behavior will help in shaping the behavior of a subject and bringing positive or negative changes.

➦ As a successful teacher, you must be aware of the developmental stages and characteristics of your students.

➦ Educational psychologists are concerned with children’s learning and development. In order to assist those having difficulties with learning, behavior, or social adjustment, they use their special skills in psychological and educational assessment techniques.

➦ Educators study individual development within educational settings using educational psychology as a method.

➦ Students’ skills are enhanced and the teacher’s understanding of them is enhanced as a result. Psychology and education are two fields that are combined in educational psychology.

➦ Educating to realize life goals involves understanding, predicting, and guiding human behavior.

➦ Educational psychology is the science of studying the processes by which humans acquire knowledge and retain it, mostly through educational settings like classrooms.

➦ The learning process includes emotional, social, and cognitive components.

➦ The aim of research in educational psychology is to test the theories that guide the actions of those involved in education.

Nature/Characteristics of Educational Psychology

Nature/Characteristics of Educational Psychology

➦ The nature of educational psychology consists of the following important characteristics:

➨ A branch of psychology that applies fundamental principles is educational psychology.

➨ In Educational Psychology, psychology and education are combined.

➨ Human behavior in educational situations is the subject of Educational Psychology.

➨ Children’s growth and development are influenced by a number of factors, principles, and techniques in Educational Psychology.

➨ In Educational Psychology, the study of learning situations and processes is aimed at improving efficiency and effectiveness in the educational process.

Psychological, biological, sociological, and anthropological theories are heavily incorporated into Educational Psychology.

➨ Unlike natural sciences, Educational Psychology cannot predict human behavior with exactitude due to its dynamic nature.

Father of Educational Psychology

Father of Educational Psychology

➦ Edward Lee Thorndike (August 31, 1874 – August 9, 1949) is considered the father of Educational Psychology.

Law of Effects and Behavior Modification are two fields in which he made significant contributions.

He is most famous for developing his law of effect after experimenting with puzzle boxes with cats.

A satisfactory outcome immediately following a response is associated with the situation more strongly, and therefore more likely to occur again.

He remains a seminal figure in the field today, with his theories being used to create programs that help students learn.

Use of Educational Psychology to the Teacher

Use of Educational Psychology to the Teacher

1) For a better understanding of the learner:

Teachers can use educational psychology to understand their students’ learning capacity, interests, motivations, mental health, overt and covert behaviors, and developmental stages, including physical, intellectual, social, and emotional development.

2) Children’s problems can be understood:

In educational settings and processes, educational psychology helps to understand learning difficulties associated with mental, physical, social, and emotional problems of children.

3) For a better understanding of the learning process:

In his teaching-learning process, the teacher applies the principles, laws, and theories of learning. Learning educational psychology allows students to understand and apply various effective learning approaches.

4) Understanding developmental characteristics:

Infancy, childhood, adolescence, and adulthood are the different developmental stages people go through. There are characteristics associated with each stage.

Instructing students in accordance with their developmental stages is helping to mold their behavior.

5) Choosing teaching methods:

Based on the individual learners and learning environment, educational psychology helps teachers choose the appropriate teaching methods in a classroom.

His techniques and strategies for teaching heterogeneous groups are also improved through this experience.

6) As a means of improving teaching quality:

The purpose of educational psychology is to help teachers improve their teaching skills.

7) Creating a conducive learning environment:

It is important to establish the classroom climate properly for the children’s learning. Teachers can create such learning environments in schools with the help of educational psychology.

8) Making classrooms social:

Students learn to develop leadership qualities, teamwork, and group dynamics through educational psychology.

9) For discipline to be maintained:

Creative and constructive activities are advocated by educational psychology as ways to discipline children. Discipline is dealt with more effectively by it.

10) Identifying children with special needs:

Special needs children need learning instructions, learning environments, or learning processes that are adapted to fit their specific needs.

There are three types of disabilities: physical, intellectual, and learning.

A special learning program is provided for these children. Teachers can identify such children with the help of educational psychology.

11) To assist teachers in developing curriculums:

Individuals should be accommodated in the present world of development by designing curriculum according to their needs and wants.

Education psychology helps teachers develop curriculums that fit learners’ needs.

12) For the purpose of providing guidance:

Teachers should provide personal, educational, vocational, and social guidance to students for their betterment.

It is possible to provide guidance services to students using educational psychology.

13) Knowing the teacher personally:

Teachers benefit from educational psychology by understanding themselves and how they would behave in education.

As well as assessing his teaching abilities, it also helps him assess his potential.

As a result of studying educational psychology, the teacher is also able to comprehend the student’s emotionality, physical comfort, sociability, and cognitive abilities.

14) Performance evaluation:

To measure a student’s learning outcomes, educational psychology provides psychological tests.

15) Conducting the research:

The study of educational psychology enables him to develop a research attitude that will help him conduct research in the educational setting in order to improve individuals’ behavior.

Scope of Educational Psychology 

Scope of Educational Psychology 

a) Investigates Human Behavior:

In educational settings, it investigates human behavior.

Educational psychology encompasses the whole field of education since psychology is the study of behavior and education is the study of modifying behavior.

b) Examines Growth and Development:

The study examines how children grow and develop. Among the topics included in the study of

Educational Psychology are how children pass through various growth stages and what the characteristics of each stage are.

c) Learning Process:

An important aspect of education is learning, which is studied through the law of learning. The study focuses on how to make learning as efficient and effective as possible.

d) Heredity and Environment:

The scope of Educational Psychology encompasses how heredity and environment contribute to a child’s development and how these contributions can be used to promote optimal development.

e) Nature and development of the personality of an individual:

Educational Psychology deals with the nature and development of the personality of an individual.

In fact, education has been defined as an all-around development of the personality of an individual; personality development also implies a well-adjusted personality.

f) Individual Difference:

A fundamental truth about human nature has been brought to light by educators: everyone is different. It is this one fact that has revolutionized education.

g) Intelligence and its Measurement are Studied together:

In Educational Psychology, intelligence and its measurement are studied together. Teachers and educators must pay close attention to this.

h) Role of guidance in Educational Psychology:

Educational Psychology places a great deal of importance on this area.

It is merely guiding a child through his or her developmental process that constitutes education. The role of guidance in Educational Psychology is crucial.

Methods of Educational Psychology


a) Introspection Method:

In psychology, the introspection method involves the systematic examination of one’s own conscious thoughts and experiences.

It relies on self-reflection and self-reporting to gain insight into mental processes, emotions, and sensations.

This method was notably utilized by early psychologists like Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener in structuralism, aiming to break down mental experiences into basic components.

b) Observational Method:

The observational method involves systematically watching and recording behavior, often in natural settings, without interfering or manipulating the environment.

Researchers use this method to study various aspects of human or animal behavior, such as social interactions, developmental milestones, or environmental responses.

It provides valuable insights into behaviors as they naturally occur, without the biases that controlled environments might introduce.

c) Scientific/Experimental Method:

The scientific or experimental method involves formulating hypotheses, designing controlled experiments to test these hypotheses, collecting empirical data, and analyzing results to draw conclusions.

It is characterized by its systematic approach, use of independent and dependent variables, and replication of experiments to validate findings.

This method is fundamental to establishing causal relationships and advancing scientific knowledge in psychology and other disciplines.

d) Clinical Method:

The clinical method is a systematic approach used in clinical psychology to assess, diagnose, and treat mental health disorders.

It involves gathering comprehensive information about a patient’s history, symptoms, and current functioning through interviews, psychological tests, and observations.

Clinicians use this method to formulate treatment plans tailored to individual needs and monitor progress over time.

e) Developmental or Genetic Method:

The developmental or genetic method focuses on understanding the role of genetic and environmental factors in human development and behavior.

Researchers employ longitudinal or cross-sectional studies to track changes in behavior and traits over time or across different age groups.

By studying twins, adoptees, and families, they can investigate the relative contributions of genetics and environment to various psychological phenomena, such as intelligence, personality, and mental disorders.

f) Testing Method:

The testing method involves administering standardized psychological tests and assessments to measure individual differences in cognitive abilities, personality traits, emotional functioning, and other psychological constructs.

These tests are designed to be reliable, valid, and objective, allowing psychologists to make inferences about an individual’s psychological characteristics and make informed decisions in clinical, educational, or organizational settings.

g) Case Study Method:

The case study method involves in-depth examination of a single individual, group, or phenomenon over an extended period.

Researchers collect qualitative and/or quantitative data through interviews, observations, and archival records to gain a holistic understanding of the case under investigation.

While case studies provide rich and detailed insights, they are limited in generalizability and may be subject to researcher bias.

h) Survey or Differential Method:

The survey or differential method involves administering questionnaires or surveys to collect data on attitudes, beliefs, behaviors, or demographic characteristics from a sample of participants.

Researchers use statistical analyses to identify patterns, correlations, or differences between groups, allowing them to make inferences about larger populations.

Surveys are widely used in psychology for research, assessment, and evaluation purposes.

Distinguish Between Psychology and Educational Psychology 


Educational Psychology

The study of psychology involves the study of the human mind and its functions, specifically those that affect behavior. Educational psychology studies how humans acquire information and how they acquire knowledge.
In psychology, the emphasis is on the overall scientific study of the mind, its processes, its relationships, and its effects on human behavior. The study also examines the complexities associated with the human mind that can harm mental health. An educational psychologist focuses more on improving teaching and learning in formal educational settings, being a subcategory of psychology. Students with learning difficulties are most likely to benefit from this study as it focuses on developing students’ learning strategies and improving teachers’ teaching methods.

Online Masters in  Educational Psychology 

Online Masters in  Educational Psychology 

Online master’s degrees in educational psychology prepare students for careers in schools, government agencies, and community organizations.

Specialized programs may focus on children, adults, or individuals with learning disabilities. Some of the top colleges offering Online Masters in  Educational Psychology are as follows:

1) Clemson University (Moore)
2)  University of Georgia.
3) Texas A&M University–College Station.
4) University of North Texas.
5) University of Missouri.
6) University of Alabama.
7) Florida State University.
8) Michigan State University.

Educational Psychology Jobs

Educational Psychology Jobs

a) Educational Psychologist:

Educational psychologists focus on understanding how people learn and develop in educational settings.

They apply psychological principles and research to address issues such as student learning, motivation, behavior management, and educational interventions.

They may work in schools, colleges, universities, or educational organizations to assess student needs, develop educational programs, and provide support to teachers, students, and families.

b) Educational Researcher:

Educational researchers conduct studies to investigate various aspects of education, including teaching methods, curriculum development, learning outcomes, and educational policies.

They design research projects, collect and analyze data, and disseminate findings through publications and presentations.

Their work contributes to the advancement of knowledge in educational psychology and informs evidence-based practices in teaching and learning.

c) Sociologist:

Sociologists study the social structures, institutions, and processes that influence human behavior within educational settings.

They examine factors such as social inequality, cultural diversity, and socialization processes in schools and universities.

Sociologists in educational psychology may explore issues like educational attainment gaps, student identities, school culture, and the impact of social policies on education.

d) School Psychologist:

➦  School psychologists work within K-12 educational settings to support students’ academic achievement, social-emotional development, and mental health.

They assess students’ learning and behavior, provide counseling and intervention services, and collaborate with teachers, parents, and administrators to create positive learning environments.

School psychologists also play a role in crisis intervention, special education evaluation, and school-wide initiatives for student well-being.

e) College Counselor:

➦  College counselors provide guidance and support to students in higher education institutions, helping them navigate academic, personal, and career-related challenges.

They assist students with academic planning, course selection, career exploration, and personal development.

College counselors may also offer counseling services for issues such as stress, anxiety, depression, and adjustment to college life.

f) College Professor:

College professors teach courses in educational psychology, conduct research, and provide mentorship to students pursuing degrees in education or related fields.

They deliver lectures, facilitate discussions, and assess student learning through assignments and exams.

College professors also engage in scholarly activities such as publishing research papers, securing grants, and presenting at conferences to contribute to the academic community.

g) University Teaching:

University teaching involves instructing undergraduate and graduate students in courses related to educational psychology, human development, learning theories, and research methods.

University instructors may use a variety of teaching methods, such as lectures, seminars, and hands-on activities, to facilitate student learning and critical thinking.

They also supervise student research projects, advise graduate students, and participate in academic committees and professional development activities.

h) Researcher:

Researchers in educational psychology conduct studies to investigate theories, phenomena, and interventions related to teaching, learning, and human development.

They design research projects, collect and analyze data using quantitative or qualitative methods, and disseminate findings through academic publications, presentations, and reports.

Educational psychology researchers contribute to the development of evidence-based practices and policies in education.

i) Private Practitioner:

Private practitioners in educational psychology provide counseling, assessment, and intervention services to individuals, families, and organizations outside of traditional educational settings.

They may work independently or as part of multidisciplinary teams in private practices, clinics, or consulting firms.

Private practitioners offer services such as psychoeducational assessments, academic tutoring, behavior therapy, parent training, and school consultation to address various educational and developmental needs.

MCQ on Educational Psychology

The aim of research in educational psychology is

A) To test the theories that guide the actions of those involved in education
B) To identify learning styles and preferences exhibited by students.
C) To test principles of education used in planning learning outcomes.
D) To assess behaviors that occur in the classroom during instruction.
The aim of research in educational psychology is

Educational psychology apply knowledge of psychology in the field of

A. Psychology
B. Industrial
C. Social sciences
D. Education
Educational psychology apply knowledge of psychology in the field of

Educational psychology is concerned with the study of

A. Philosophy of education
B. Educational learning
C. Human learning
D. Teaching methods
Educational psychology is concerned with the study of

The nature of educational psychology is scientific, because

A. It only studies science.
B. The principles were formed on the basis of information only.
C. The behavior of the learner in the educational environment is studied through scientific methods.
D. It only studies the behavior of the students.

The nature of educational psychology is scientific, because

People Also Ask

Which teacher comments appear to be most related to educational psychology?

Ans: Should the skill of summarizing be taught before students learn to identify the topic and main idea?

What kind of psychology is educational psychology?

What kind of psychology is educational psychology?

Educational psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with the design and delivery of education.
Programs, technologies, and services related to education are developed and assessed.
In education psychology, the study of the educational process and its effects on humans is emphasized.
Assessment, counseling, curriculum development, and instruction are among the most common research areas in education psychology.

Which country is best for educational psychology?

Which country is best for educational psychology?

This question cannot be answered definitively since different people have different opinions as to which country offers the best education for psychological research.

➦ The United States, Europe, and Japan are some of the most competitive countries for educational psychology.

It is possible that one method will be better suited for your research goals than the others due to their strengths and weaknesses.

In terms of educational psychology, the United States and Germany are both excellent countries.

Those who wish to learn about mental health and education can go to Germany because of a long history of outstanding education, while those who wish to go to the United States have access to a wide range of programs and resources.

Is educational psychologist a good career?

Is educational psychologist a good career?

Careers as educational psychologists are determined by a person’s skills, interests, and experience.

Education psychologists can provide students with academic support and guidance during school-related tasks, which is why some people view them as a good career choice.

If you are interested in pursuing a career as an educational psychologist, there are a few things you should consider.

The experience of education psychologists working with students and families is extensive.

In order for them to develop effective interventions for students and families, they need to have the necessary knowledge.

Education psychologists have a wide variety of job opportunities depending on where they live.

Schools, businesses, and government organizations are among the clients that education psychologists serve. You can work in major cities or rural areas.

Can a teacher become an educational psychologist?

Can a teacher become an educational psychologist?

An educational psychologist may be of interest to you as a teacher. An education psychologist helps students succeed in school and learn.

Their goal is to help students achieve their full potential by providing individualized psychological services.

A psychologist who is interested in learning, inquiry, and helping students succeed is an educational psychologist.

In order to promote academic excellence and social justice, they make educational programs available to individuals and groups.

Teachers can study this field in many ways, so getting a good understanding of what a teacher can gain from this study is important.

Is educational psychology difficult?

Is educational psychology difficult?

Educational psychology has become increasingly difficult in recent years, according to the scientific community.
Researchers often struggle to distinguish natural population variation from cultural influences and learned information.
A further limitation of psychology is the limited ability to measure educational interventions’ effectiveness.

What jobs can an Educational Psychologist do?

What jobs can an Educational Psychologist do?

Programs and services related to education are coordinated by educational psychologists. They assist students, parents, teachers, and other professionals in achieving their goals.

In addition to schools, daycare/preschools, colleges/universities, and child-rearing programs, Educational Psychologists can work in a variety of settings.

Education Psychologists may also provide therapy and intervention services in addition to working with students and parents.

Are educational psychologists in demand?

Are educational psychologists in demand?

Students are increasingly seeking help with their education, making education psychologists in high demand.

The situation is particularly critical for colleges and universities because they are now faced with a shortage of professionals who can help students achieve academic success, grow personally, and reduce anxiety.

Psychologists are also in demand for mental health work in many healthcare organizations.

What are the disadvantages of educational psychology?

What are the disadvantages of educational psychology?

The disadvantages of educational psychology are its lack of empirical evidence, the bias it carries with it, and the limited research that has been conducted in this field.

The educational psychology field suffers from many disadvantages, including a lack of scientific knowledge and methods, an inability to understand cultural differences, inappropriate research approaches, as well as ethical concerns.

What qualifications do educational psychologists need?

What qualifications do educational psychologists need?

An educational psychologist must have a degree in psychology or a related field, experience working with children and adolescents, and qualifications in child development, educational research, and mental health.

Educational psychologists have varying needs depending on the type of school or program the individual is seeking to attend.

A strong interest in psychology and experience in working with students in a school setting are common qualifications for an educational psychologist.

How long do you study to become a educational psychologist?

How long do you study to become a educational psychologist?

Depending on someone’s current level of education and experience, the length of time it takes to become a successful educational psychologist will vary.
As a general rule, it is recommended to spend at least two years studying psychology at an undergraduate or graduate level in order to become a successful educational psychologist.
Then, before working as an educational psychologist, a professional doctorate in educational psychology is typically required.

Is Educational Psychologist same as psychologist?

Is Educational Psychologist same as psychologist?

It is important to note that educational psychologists are different from psychologists. An educator works with both children and adults, whereas a psychologist specializes in working with people.

The typical field of study for educational psychologists is students in grades 9-12, whereas psychologists work with adults. In some ways, the two groups are similar.

A key difference between the two professionals is that they both work with individuals and measure their results with standardized procedures.

There are also some similarities between the two groups. The two professionals typically work with children and adults, although Educational psychologists may also work with students in grades 9-12.

Additionally, both professionals specialize in a particular field or set of activities, which allows them to provide valuable advice to clients in that field.

Do educational psychologists give therapy?

Do educational psychologists give therapy?

Some critics argue that educational psychologists do not provide enough therapy. Educational psychologists disagree, claiming that their services are adequate.

There is considerable debate about whether or not students should receive therapy. Others argue that students should not receive help in a school setting, claiming it is not necessary.

This question cannot be answered definitively.

If education psychologists feel that a student requires therapy, they may prescribe it.

If a student is struggling with a problem or is experiencing anxiety or depression, an education psychologist can provide therapy.

Do educational psychologists diagnose autism?

Do educational psychologists diagnose autism?

As of now, there is no consensus regarding whether educational psychologists can diagnose autism.
There are some experts who believe the disorder may be difficult to diagnose in children, and that further evaluation may be required.
Autism may often be associated with dysregulation in the learning environment for autistic children.
Depending on the specific case, it may not be possible to determine whether a child has autism in one manner or another.

Are educational psychologists doctors?

Are educational psychologists doctors?

The role of an educational psychologist is not that of a doctor, and they should not be treating patients as if they were.
Because educational psychologists do not have medical degrees, they are not doctors.
Psychology is a related field of study that studies human behavior, and educational psychologists have degrees in psychology.

Do educational psychologists work in universities?

Do educational psychologists work in universities?

It is true that educational psychologists work in universities. Psychologists and educators can both benefit from the programs and courses offered by universities.
University research programs often provide new insights into education through high-quality research.
Furthermore, university campuses are often home to professors and researchers who can provide teachers with knowledge about how to improve their students’ education.

Do educational psychologists deal with mental health?

Do educational psychologists deal with mental health?

Students who are experiencing problems may benefit from counseling or support from educational psychologists who are well-versed in mental health treatment.
Education psychologists frequently deal with mental health issues.
In order to provide support to those struggling with mental health, Educational Psychology is becoming increasingly important.

Can educational psychologists diagnose ADHD?

Can educational psychologists diagnose ADHD?

Several recent studies suggest that educational psychologists can diagnose Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
Study participants diagnosed with ADHD by mental health professionals were assessed using a unique method developed by the National Institutes of Health.
Untreated individuals may be able to be diagnosed with ADHD based on the results of the study.

What are the three core responsibilities of an educational psychologist?

What are the three core responsibilities of an educational psychologist?

Psychology services are provided by educational psychologists at schools and at home. As well as helping students reach their academic goals, they assist educators in helping them succeed.
In order to help students and workers who struggle in school or at work, educational psychologists provide emotional support.
Additionally, they assist schools and businesses in improving student learning by developing and implementing plans.

What do educational psychologists specialize in?

What do educational psychologists specialize in?

Students are assessed and treated by educational psychologists. Students can turn to them for help in school, college, and the workplace.
Students are educated in all aspects of learning by education psychologists.
Their goal is to help students learn effectively by developing interventions and strategies together with parents and educators.


  • Sharma, A. (2011, February 24). What are the scopes of Educational Psychology? Preserving Your Articles for Eternity.
  • WiserRead. (2024b, February 3). Role of educational psychology in teaching and learning. Education With Teaching and Learning.
  • Zaveri, S. (2016, November 5). Top 6 methods of educational Psychology. Psychology Discussion – Discuss Anything About Psychology.

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