Meaning of Educational Psychology
The study of psychology entails the observation and measurement of behavior and the activities of living creatures. Education is primarily concerned with modifying the behavior of children within a controlled environment. Studying the science of behavior will help in shaping the behavior of a subject and bringing positive or negative changes. As a successful teacher, you must be aware of the developmental stages and characteristics of your students.
Educational psychologists are concerned with children’s learning and development. In order to assist those having difficulties with learning, behavior, or social adjustment, they use their special skills in psychological and educational assessment techniques. Educators study individual development within educational settings using educational psychology as a method. Students’ skills are enhanced and the teacher’s understanding of them is enhanced as a result. Psychology and education are two fields that are combined in educational psychology. Educating to realize life goals involves understanding, predicting, and guiding human behavior.
Educational psychology is the science of studying the processes by which humans acquire knowledge and retain it, mostly through educational settings like classrooms. The learning process includes emotional, social, and cognitive components. The aim of research in educational psychology is to test the theories that guide the actions of those involved in education.
Nature/Characteristics of Educational Psychology
The nature of educational psychology consists of the following important characteristics:
- A branch of psychology that applies fundamental principles is educational psychology.
- In Educational Psychology, psychology and education are combined.
- Human behavior in educational situations is the subject of Educational Psychology.
- Children’s growth and development are influenced by a number of factors, principles, and techniques in Educational Psychology.
- In Educational Psychology, the study of learning situations and processes is aimed at improving efficiency and effectiveness in the educational process.
- Psychological, biological, sociological, and anthropological theories are heavily incorporated into Educational Psychology.
- Unlike natural sciences, Educational Psychology cannot predict human behavior with exactitude due to its dynamic nature.
Father of Educational Psychology
Edward Lee Thorndike (August 31, 1874 – August 9, 1949) is considered the father of Educational Psychology. Law of Effects and Behavior Modification are two fields in which he made significant contributions. He is most famous for developing his law of effect after experimenting with puzzle boxes with cats.
A satisfactory outcome immediately following a response is associated with the situation more strongly, and therefore more likely to occur again. He remains a seminal figure in the field today, with his theories being used to create programs that help students learn.
Use of Educational Psychology to the Teacher
1) For a better understanding of the learner: Teachers can use educational psychology to understand their students’ learning capacity, interests, motivations, mental health, overt and covert behaviors, and developmental stages, including physical, intellectual, social, and emotional development.
2) Children’s problems can be understood: In educational settings and processes, educational psychology helps to understand learning difficulties associated with mental, physical, social, and emotional problems of children.
3) For a better understanding of the learning process: In his teaching-learning process, the teacher applies the principles, laws, and theories of learning. Learning educational psychology allows students to understand and apply various effective learning approaches.
4) Understanding developmental characteristics: Infancy, childhood, adolescence, and adulthood are the different developmental stages people go through. There are characteristics associated with each stage. Instructing students in accordance with their developmental stages is helping to mold their behavior.
5) Choosing teaching methods: Based on the individual learners and learning environment, educational psychology helps teachers choose the appropriate teaching methods in a classroom. His techniques and strategies for teaching heterogeneous groups are also improved through this experience.
6) As a means of improving teaching quality: The purpose of educational psychology is to help teachers improve their teaching skills.
7) Creating a conducive learning environment: It is important to establish the classroom climate properly for the children’s learning. Teachers can create such learning environments in schools with the help of educational psychology.
8) Making classrooms social: Students learn to develop leadership qualities, teamwork, and group dynamics through educational psychology.
9) For discipline to be maintained: Creative and constructive activities are advocated by educational psychology as ways to discipline children. Discipline is dealt with more effectively by it.
10) Identifying children with special needs: Special needs children need learning instructions, learning environments, or learning processes that are adapted to fit their specific needs. There are three types of disabilities: physical, intellectual, and learning. A special learning program is provided for these children. Teachers can identify such children with the help of educational psychology.
11) To assist teachers in developing curriculums: Individuals should be accommodated in the present world of development by designing curriculum according to their needs and wants. Education psychology helps teachers develop curriculums that fit learners’ needs.
12) For the purpose of providing guidance: Teachers should provide personal, educational, vocational, and social guidance to students for their betterment. It is possible to provide guidance services to students using educational psychology.
13) Knowing the teacher personally: Teachers benefit from educational psychology by understanding themselves and how they would behave in education. As well as assessing his teaching abilities, it also helps him assess his potential. As a result of studying educational psychology, the teacher is also able to comprehend the student’s emotionality, physical comfort, sociability, and cognitive abilities.
14) Performance evaluation: To measure a student’s learning outcomes, educational psychology provides psychological tests.
15) Conducting the research: The study of educational psychology enables him to develop a research attitude that will help him conduct research in the educational setting in order to improve individuals’ behavior.
Scope of Educational Psychology
a) Investigates Human Behavior: In educational settings, it investigates human behavior. Educational psychology encompasses the whole field of education since psychology is the study of behavior and education is the study of modifying behavior.
b) Examines Growth and Development: The study examines how children grow and develop. Among the topics included in the study of Educational Psychology are how children pass through various growth stages and what the characteristics of each stage are.
c) Learning Process: An important aspect of education is learning, which is studied through the law of learning. The study focuses on how to make learning as efficient and effective as possible.
d) Heredity and Environment: The scope of Educational Psychology encompasses how heredity and environment contribute to a child’s development and how these contributions can be used to promote optimal development.
e) Nature and development of the personality of an individual: Educational Psychology deals with the nature and development of the personality of an individual. In fact, education has been defined as an all-around development of the personality of an individual; personality development also implies a well-adjusted personality.
f) Individual Difference: A fundamental truth about human nature has been brought to light by educators: everyone is different. It is this one fact that has revolutionized education.
g) Intelligence and its Measurement are Studied together: In Educational Psychology, intelligence and its measurement are studied together. Teachers and educators must pay close attention to this.
h) Role of guidance in Educational Psychology: Educational Psychology places a great deal of importance on this area. It is merely guiding a child through his or her developmental process that constitutes education. The role of guidance in Educational Psychology is crucial.
Methods of Educational Psychology
b) Observational Method
c) Scientific/ Experimental Method
d) Clinical Method
e) Developmental or Genetic Method
f) Testing Method
Theories in Educational Psychology
Distinguish Between Psychology and Educational Psychology
|The study of psychology involves the study of the human mind and its functions, specifically those that affect behavior.||Educational psychology studies how humans acquire information and how they acquire knowledge.|
|In psychology, the emphasis is on the overall scientific study of the mind, its processes, its relationships, and its effects on human behavior. The study also examines the complexities associated with the human mind that can harm mental health.||An educational psychologist focuses more on improving teaching and learning in formal educational settings, being a subcategory of psychology. Students with learning difficulties are most likely to benefit from this study as it focuses on developing students’ learning strategies and improving teachers’ teaching methods.|
Online Masters in Educational Psychology
Online master’s degrees in educational psychology prepare students for careers in schools, government agencies, and community organizations. Specialized programs may focus on children, adults, or individuals with learning disabilities. Some of the top colleges offering Online Masters in Educational Psychology are as follows:
1) Clemson University (Moore)
2) University of Georgia.
3) Texas A&M University–College Station.
4) University of North Texas.
5) University of Missouri.
6) University of Alabama.
7) Florida State University.
8) Michigan State University.
For more details:
Educational Psychology Jobs
a) Educational Psychologist
b) Educational Researcher
d) School Psychologist
e) College Counselor
f) College Professor
g) University Teaching
i) Private Practitioner
MCQ on Educational Psychology
The aim of research in educational psychology is
B) To identify learning styles and preferences exhibited by students.
C) To test principles of education used in planning learning outcomes.
D) To assess behaviors that occur in the classroom during instruction.
Educational psychology apply knowledge of psychology in the field of
C. Social sciences
Educational psychology is concerned with the study of
B. Educational learning
C. Human learning
D. Teaching methods
The nature of educational psychology is scientific, because
A. It only studies science.
B. The principles were formed on the basis of information only.
C. The behavior of the learner in the educational environment is studied through scientific methods.
D. It only studies the behavior of the students.
People Also Ask
Which teacher comments appear to be most related to educational psychology?
What kind of psychology is educational psychology?
Which country is best for educational psychology?
This question cannot be answered definitively since different people have different opinions as to which country offers the best education for psychological research. The United States, Europe, and Japan are some of the most competitive countries for educational psychology. It is possible that one method will be better suited for your research goals than the others due to their strengths and weaknesses.
In terms of educational psychology, the United States and Germany are both excellent countries. Those who wish to learn about mental health and education can go to Germany because of a long history of outstanding education, while those who wish to go to the United States have access to a wide range of programs and resources.
Is educational psychologist a good career?
Careers as educational psychologists are determined by a person’s skills, interests, and experience. Education psychologists can provide students with academic support and guidance during school-related tasks, which is why some people view them as a good career choice.
If you are interested in pursuing a career as an educational psychologist, there are a few things you should consider. The experience of education psychologists working with students and families is extensive. In order for them to develop effective interventions for students and families, they need to have the necessary knowledge. Education psychologists have a wide variety of job opportunities depending on where they live. Schools, businesses, and government organizations are among the clients that education psychologists serve. You can work in major cities or rural areas.
Can a teacher become an educational psychologist?
An educational psychologist may be of interest to you as a teacher. An education psychologist helps students succeed in school and learn. Their goal is to help students achieve their full potential by providing individualized psychological services.
A psychologist who is interested in learning, inquiry, and helping students succeed is an educational psychologist. In order to promote academic excellence and social justice, they make educational programs available to individuals and groups. Teachers can study this field in many ways, so getting a good understanding of what a teacher can gain from this study is important.
Is educational psychology difficult?
What jobs can an Educational Psychologist do?
Programs and services related to education are coordinated by educational psychologists. They assist students, parents, teachers, and other professionals in achieving their goals. In addition to schools, daycare/preschools, colleges/universities, and child-rearing programs, Educational Psychologists can work in a variety of settings. Education Psychologists may also provide therapy and intervention services in addition to working with students and parents.
Are educational psychologists in demand?
Students are increasingly seeking help with their education, making education psychologists in high demand. The situation is particularly critical for colleges and universities because they are now faced with a shortage of professionals who can help students achieve academic success, grow personally, and reduce anxiety. Psychologists are also in demand for mental health work in many healthcare organizations.
What are the disadvantages of educational psychology?
The disadvantages of educational psychology are its lack of empirical evidence, the bias it carries with it, and the limited research that has been conducted in this field. The educational psychology field suffers from many disadvantages, including a lack of scientific knowledge and methods, an inability to understand cultural differences, inappropriate research approaches, as well as ethical concerns.
What qualifications do educational psychologists need?
An educational psychologist must have a degree in psychology or a related field, experience working with children and adolescents, and qualifications in child development, educational research, and mental health. Educational psychologists have varying needs depending on the type of school or program the individual is seeking to attend. A strong interest in psychology and experience in working with students in a school setting are common qualifications for an educational psychologist.
How long do you study to become a educational psychologist?
Is Educational Psychologist same as psychologist?
It is important to note that educational psychologists are different from psychologists. An educator works with both children and adults, whereas a psychologist specializes in working with people. The typical field of study for educational psychologists is students in grades 9-12, whereas psychologists work with adults. In some ways, the two groups are similar. A key difference between the two professionals is that they both work with individuals and measure their results with standardized procedures.
There are also some similarities between the two groups. The two professionals typically work with children and adults, although Educational psychologists may also work with students in grades 9-12. Additionally, both professionals specialize in a particular field or set of activities, which allows them to provide valuable advice to clients in that field.
Do educational psychologists give therapy?
Some critics argue that educational psychologists do not provide enough therapy. Educational psychologists disagree, claiming that their services are adequate. There is considerable debate about whether or not students should receive therapy. Others argue that students should not receive help in a school setting, claiming it is not necessary. This question cannot be answered definitively.
If education psychologists feel that a student requires therapy, they may prescribe it. If a student is struggling with a problem or is experiencing anxiety or depression, an education psychologist can provide therapy.
Do educational psychologists diagnose autism?
Are educational psychologists doctors?
Do educational psychologists work in universities?
Do educational psychologists deal with mental health?
Can educational psychologists diagnose ADHD?
What are the three core responsibilities of an educational psychologist?
What do educational psychologists specialize in?
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