Factors Affecting Learning | Factors Affecting Learning | Concept of Learning | General Psychology
Concept of Learning
Learning is a permanent change in behavior due to experience, training, and practices. It brings some modification in behavior and once an individual learned new things it will last at least for some period of time. Generally, learning is need directed. Learning is directly or indirectly related to organizational behavior in terms of increasing competency, leadership ability, and motivation at work. It is necessary for every organization to generate new ideas, knowledge, concept, strategies, technologies, understanding, behavior, skill value, attitude, and preferences, etc to cope with changing environment of the organization.
Factors Affecting Learning
Learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior by some practice, training, and experiences. It modifies some undesirable behavior to desirable behavior. Many internal and external factors influence the learning process. Some of the factors influencing learning are given below.
A motive is a person’s reason for choosing specific behavior from among several alternatives. Motives are derived from needs. Human motives are created whenever there is a physiological or psychological imbalance and try to fill such imbalance. It is the reason for action which gives purpose and direction to certain behavior. Motives are drivers that encourage people for action and learning.
It includes physical condition and of a person like sense perception, physical health, fatigue, time of learning, food drink, atmospheric condition, age, etc. In the same way, learning is also influenced by mental ability like mental health, motivation and interest, success, praise, and blame, etc. All these factors are the outcome of genes and chromosomes from their parents. They are somehow uncontrollable. For example, an individual suffering from bad health cannot think of learning new things.
Social factors encourage learning for individuals. It includes social needs, rewards, and punishment, competition, suggestions, cooperation, etc. Social cultures encourage learning new knowledge having accepted by society and discourage knowledge gained discarded by society.
Similarly, learning whose consequences are rewarded by society is continued and those learning which are punishable are not continued. In general view, learning should be always positive and good result oriented. Thus, society provides guidelines and support to individuals. Social factors include parents, family, peers, teachers, managers, reference groups, etc.
Natural factors affecting learning are light, noise, cold, temperature, etc. learning needs a proper environment so that they can maintain patience and care. Besides this environmental factors include working conditions, organizational setup, etc. all the surrounding should be in favor of learning. Only then a good learner can learn as effectively as he can. For example, a person cannot learn well in a noisy environment due to a bad organizational setup. He needs a peaceful environment to perceive new learning.
Nature of learning materials
Availability of learning materials affects the learning process of individuals. People need learning material on the basis of their area, level of education. Proper presentation and organization of materials, practical implementation of learning, special methods of learning, and timely testing can help to learn effectively.
The faculty also affect the learning pattern like management student need to learn by presentation, science needs to learn by a lab test, art students need to learn by practice. Similarly, the level of education and understanding also affect learning patterns. For example, an illiterate person needs more attention to learn a basic thing than that of a literate.