Management Notes

Reference Notes for Management

Features of World Bank – World Bank | International Business Management

Features of World Bank

  • Abolish extreme poverty and hunger

During the period 1990-2004, the number of people living in extreme poverty fell by more than a third. Despite wide variations among regions and countries, the results indicate that the world as a whole can reduce poverty by half. However, poverty in Africa is expected to increase, and most of the 36 countries where 90% of the world’s undernourished children live are in Africa. Only a quarter of countries are on track to achieve the goal of halving undernutrition.
  • Ensure universal primary education

From 80% in 1991 to 88% in 2005, the number of children in developing countries attending school increased. In 2005, 72 million children of primary school age, 57% of whom were girls, were not receiving an education.
  • Encourage gender equality

As women’s labor market participation stalls, more women than men – globally more than 60% – are contributing but unpaid family workers. Women’s economic empowerment and shared growth are the goals of the World Bank Group Gender Action Plan. 
  • Reducing the mortality of children

Survival rates are improving somewhat globally; however, accelerated improvements are most urgently needed in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. There were an estimated 10 million-plus deaths of children under five in 2005; many of these were preventable. 
  • Ensure better maternal health

Every year, nearly half a million women die during pregnancy or childbirth in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Various health care interventions are required to prevent maternal deaths due to a wide variety of causes. 
  • Fight HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases

There has been a decline in the number of new HIV infections and AIDS deaths, but the number of people living with HIV continues to increase. Prevalence is above 15 percent in the eight most affected countries in southern Africa. Globally, treatment has increased, but still meets only 30 percent of needs (with wide differences between countries). There were 1.6 million deaths from AIDS in SubSaharan Africa in 2007. More than 1 million people die each year from malaria, which affects 300 to 500 million people each year. The majority of cases and more than 95 percent of deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. 
  • Promote environmental sustainability

Particularly in regions of biological diversity, which continues to decline, deforestation remains a problem. Energy technology advancements are outpacing the increase in greenhouse gases. 
  • Establish a Global Partnership for Development

Donor countries have reaffirmed their commitment. To match the current rate of core program development, donors must fulfill their pledges. In order to accelerate progress toward the MDGs, the Bank Group is partnering with multilateral and local partners.

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