Functionalist émile durkheim believed some deviance within society was:
a) Necessary; it challenged people’s views.
b) Dangerous; it encouraged disruptive behavior.
c) Insignificant; deviance within society is largely ignored.
d) Instrumental; it encouraged the population to rebel
Answer Explanation for Question: Functionalist émile durkheim believed some deviance within society was:
Functionalist émile durkheim believed some deviance within society was Necessary; it challenged people’s views. Emile Durkheim was a well-known sociologist famous for his views on the structure of society. Much of his work explored the evolution and functioning of traditional and modern societies. Based on his theory of social facts, Durkheim defined social facts as the norms, values, and structures of society. He developed a unique perspective of society that differed from those of other sociologists of the time, since his theories were based on things external in nature, rather than things internal to individuals, such as motivations and desires. The collective consciousness, value system, and rules of a society are fundamental to its functioning, according to Durkheim.
The functionalist approach emphasizes societal equilibrium. If the order and flow of the system are disrupted, society must make adjustments to achieve a stable state. Durkheim argued that society should be analyzed and described in terms of functions. The society is a system of interrelated parts that cannot function without each other. These parts make up society as a whole. Changes in one part of society impact the system as a whole. Durkheim viewed crime and delinquent behavior as a normal and necessary component of society.
According to Durkheim, crimes induced reactions from society. By using these shared reactions, individuals were able to determine which moral and ethical standards they felt they should adhere to. Society defined boundaries and rules based on these commonly held norms and values.
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