In a specific strategic market plan, a profit centre that is self-supporting in terms of sales, markets, production, and other resources is known as:
|A. Profit unit.|
B. Strategic business unit
C. Marketing unit
D. Small business unit
The Correct Answer Is:
B. Strategic business unit
Correct Answer Explanation: B. Strategic business unit
A Strategic Business Unit (SBU) is a self-contained entity within a larger organization that operates independently and is responsible for its own performance. It is a profit center that has its own set of products, markets, competitors, and strategies.
SBUs are typically managed separately from the rest of the organization and are evaluated based on their own financial performance.
Here’s a detailed explanation of why option B, “Strategic Business Unit,” is the correct answer:
i. Self-Supporting Nature: An SBU is designed to be self-supporting, meaning it is capable of managing its own resources, including sales, marketing, production, and finances. It operates as a standalone business within the larger organization.
ii. Profit-Centric Focus: The primary objective of an SBU is to generate profits. It is evaluated based on its ability to generate revenue, manage costs, and ultimately contribute to the overall profitability of the organization.
iii. Distinct Markets and Products: SBUs are focused on specific markets or customer segments and offer a defined set of products or services. This allows for targeted marketing and sales efforts tailored to the needs and preferences of their specific customer base.
iv. Independent Decision-Making: SBUs often have a degree of autonomy in decision-making. They have the authority to set their own strategies, make investment decisions, and allocate resources based on their specific market conditions and competitive landscape.
v. Performance Evaluation: SBUs are evaluated based on key performance indicators (KPIs) that are specific to their business area. These KPIs may include metrics like revenue growth, market share, profitability margins, and return on investment (ROI).
vi. Competitive Analysis: SBUs are expected to monitor and respond to their own competitive environment. They need to be aware of their competitors and develop strategies to gain a competitive advantage within their specific market niche.
vii. Accountability for Results: The managers of SBUs are held accountable for the financial performance and overall results of their unit. This accountability fosters a sense of ownership and responsibility for the unit’s success.
Why Other Options Are Incorrect:
A. Profit Unit:
This term is not a standard phrase used in strategic management literature or business terminology. It lacks a well-defined and widely accepted definition or concept.
It doesn’t convey the comprehensive nature of a self-supporting entity with its own markets, products, and resources. It could be interpreted in various ways, which might not align with the specific characteristics of a Strategic Business Unit (SBU).
The term “profit unit” is not commonly used to describe a distinct, autonomous business entity within a larger organization.
C. Marketing Unit:
While a marketing unit is a crucial component of a business, it focuses primarily on marketing-related activities such as advertising, promotion, market research, and branding.
A marketing unit typically does not have the same level of autonomy and responsibility as an SBU. It may not be responsible for functions like production, finance, and overall business strategy, which are essential components of an SBU.
A marketing unit may not have its own set of products, markets, and competitors, which are characteristic features of an SBU.
D. Small Business Unit:
“Small” in this context does not necessarily refer to the size of the unit in terms of revenue or number of employees. It is possible for an SBU to be a significant contributor to an organization’s overall revenue and still be considered an SBU.
The term “small business unit” is not a standard phrase in strategic management terminology. It does not accurately convey the concept of a self-supporting entity with its own markets, products, and resources.
The defining characteristic of an SBU is its ability to operate independently and be responsible for its own performance, regardless of its size. It is not solely determined by its size but by its self-sufficiency.
In conclusion, none of the options A, C, and D accurately capture the specific characteristics and functions of a Strategic Business Unit (SBU). Each of these options either lacks the precise definition or fails to encompass all the key elements that make an SBU distinct within a larger organization.
Option B, “Strategic Business Unit,” remains the correct choice for describing a profit center that is self-supporting in terms of sales, markets, production, and other resources within a specific strategic market plan.
- S, age 40, is looking to buy a Life Insurance policy that will allow for increasing or decreases in coverage as his needs change. The policy best suited for S would be:
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