In operant conditioning, what describes adding something to decrease the likelihood of behavior?



A) Acquisition

B) Extinction

C) Punishment

D) Recovery


Answer Explanation


Operant Conditioning

Operant Conditioning was firstly described by an American physiologist B.F Skinner. This theory assumes that people learn to behave in certain ways, as a result of its consequences. The consequences may be positive or negative. Skinner stressed that creating pleasant consequences to follow specific form of behavior would increase/decrease the frequency of that behavior.


The theory put stress on creating consequences to follow certain behavior. The consequences may be reward or punishment. People learn to behave to get something they want to or to avoid something they do not want. In organization people reflect behavior which is determined, maintained and controlled by its consequences. The consequences of behavior are used to shape behavior through three strategies consisting of reinforcement, punishment and extinction.

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