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Introductory Macroeconomics – Old Question Paper 2014| Semester: Spring(New)

2Introductory Macroeconomics
Old Question Paper
Year: 2014 | Semester: Spring (New)
Pokhara University


Exam 2014 Spring (New)
Section A
Very Short Answer Questions

Attempt ALL the questions. [10×2]

1. Point out the basic issues of macroeconomics.
2. What would a traditional Phillips curve show?
3. Define the term budget deficit?
4. What is the essence of Say’s law of market?
5. What are the determinants of investment?
6. What are the major features of depression phase of trade cycle?
7. Define IS schedule.
8. What is mean by inflationary gap?
9. Suppose C =Rs. 100+0.75Y, I=Rs 200, G=400. Find the value of investment multiplier.
10. The real GDP of an economy in 2013 and 2014 are respectively $1904 billion and $1950 billion, calculate economic growth rate.

Section “B”
Descriptive Answer Questions

Attempt any SIX questions [6×10]

11. What is macroeconomics? Discuss about the interdependence between Micro and Macroeconomics.
12. Define National Income. What are the difficulties of national income accounting?
13. Explain the relationship between aggregate demand price and aggregate supply price in the determination of level of employment and output.
14. What is consumption function? State and explain the measures to raise the propensity to consume.
15. Suppose that an economy is in equilibrium at Y= C+I+T+G+Gt+(X-M) , where , C=50 +b(Y-50 –tY+Gt) ,I=100, G=50, Gt=25, X=10, M=5+0.1Y, b=0.8 , t=0.25
a. Find the national income at equilibrium
b. Find foreign trade multiplier
c. What is the equilibrium level of national income when government expenditure increased by 50 units.
16. Suppose the demand for money is Md = 0.20Y , the money supply (Ms)is $200,C=$90+0.80Yd ,Tx (Tax) = $50 , I=140-5i , and G=$50. (a) Derive the IS and LM equation (b) Find equilibrium output, the rate of interest and investment, (c)equation Derive the IS equation when government spending increases $20, ceteris paribus (d) Find output, the rate of interest and investment when government spending is $70.

17. What are macroeconomic policies? Discuss about the instruments of fiscal policy .

Section C
Case Analysis [20]

18. Although the monetary policy unveiled by NRB Governor announced a number of measures to boost credit to the productive sector and financial stability, it didn’t announce any new measures to manage excess liquidity in the banking system, which is currently more than Rs 100 billion.
Amid fears of price rises due to a surge in economic activities in the reconstruction process, the central bank has been resistant in taking any concrete measures to control prices. It has aimed at expanding credit to private sector by 20 percent against 17.8 percent last fiscal year, which is expected to create more demand and contribute to higher inflation.
It was expected that to tackle with the expenses of the huge budget of fiscal year 2072/73 and also to deal with the current surplus liquidity situation of the banks, monitory policy 2072/73 is likely to bring an increment of 0.5 percent to 1 percent in Cash Reserve Ration (CRR) but CRR remains the same i.e 6 percent for Commercial banks, 5 percent for Development banks, and 4 percent for Finance companies. The Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) also remains the same of last 2071/72
However, Central bank officials said they were hopeful low inflation levels in India over the last one year, could help maintain price at controllable level here as Nepal imports two-thirds of goods from India.

The inflation target seems good. But from the pragmatic perspective, it would be hard to keep inflation below 8.5 percent .The government has not been able to ease the supply side constraints. Likewise, there will be inflationary pressure from the demand side since there will be a large flow of funds for reconstruction and rehabilitation projects in the aftermath of the earthquake. Money that goes into the hands of public leads to the rise in demand for food or service sector, which leads to price hike.

It will find difficult to keep the annual inflation at 8.5 percent, if reconstruction work speeds up in line with the fiscal policy. However, government inefficiency in development spending could help central bank contain inflation as low spending would not fuel price hike.

Likewise, the supply side factor also plays a vital role in inflation. The recent economic survey also pointed out increase in the price of foodstuffs due to drop in agro production and rise in the price of non-food items and service sector due to disturbance in the supply system, among others, as factors that will push inflation in the coming days.

It will be challenging to contain inflation within an appropriate level. Thus ,it is imperative that we coordinate between fiscal and monetary policy demand side by strengthening the supply side and remove structural barriers for maintaining price stability.

a. What do you think that the people expect from a good monetary policy? [3]
b. What type/types of possible inflation is discussed during the fiscal year 2015-16? How? [4]
c. What are the major expectations that would help in maintaining the desired level of inflation rate? [3]
d. Using IS-LM approach, explain the possible impact on the equilibrium rate of interest by monetary policy 2015-16. [4]
e. In your opinion, what are the strengths and weakness of this monetary policy of fiscal year 2015-16? [4]
f. Do you think that monetary policy and fiscal policy are interdependent? Why or why not? [2]


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