Jomo Kenyatta caused discontent during his rule in kenya by
A) becoming a member of the pan-African movement.
B) exhibiting favoritism toward the Kikuyu people.
C) leading the Kenyan African Nationalist Union.
D) encouraging election fraud to help him stay in office
The Correct Answer Is:
- B) exhibiting favoritism toward the Kikuyu people.
Jomo Kenyatta caused discontent during his rule in Kenya by favoring members of his Kikuyu tribe, repressing dissent, and tolerating corruption. Kikuyu tribe members were given preferential treatment in government jobs and business contracts, while other tribes were left out. Dissent was met with harsh repression, such as imprisonment, torture, and death.
Corruption was rampant among Kenyatta’s allies, and he did little to stop it. This led to widespread frustration and anger among Kenyans, which ultimately contributed to Kenyatta’s overthrow in a coup d’etat.
It is widely believed that Jomo Kenyatta played a crucial role in the Kenyan independence struggle and was widely revered for his contributions to the Kenyan struggle for self-rule. While Kenyatta served as president, many Kenyans, particularly those from other ethnic groups, were dissatisfied with his policies and actions. Due to his favoritism toward the Kikuyu people, his ethnic group, Kenyata was accused of nepotism, marginalization, and discrimination against other communities. Kenyatta’s favoritism toward the Kikuyu people caused discontent during his rule in Kenya, as this essay explains.
His ethnicity as a Kikuyu played a significant role in shaping his presidency. The Kikuyu people had played a prominent role in the country’s struggle for independence, and they were among the largest and most influential ethnic groups in Kenya. After independence, Kenyatta’s leadership was expected to unite the country and build a new, inclusive nation as a result of the Mau Mau rebellion led by the Kikuyu. The Kikuyu people, however, were often favored over other ethnic groups by his policies and actions.
In appointing Kikuyu to government positions and allocating resources, Kenyatta showed favoritism for the Kikuyu. In the government and other state institutions, Kenyatta appointed a large number of Kikuyu people to key positions. There were accusations of nepotism and tribalism resulting from Kikuyu people’s overrepresentation in government, which led to accusations of racial discrimination. The government neglected other ethnic communities, causing a sense of marginalization and exclusion.
Among the ways Kenyatta favored the Kikuyu was through land policies. A land resettlement program was implemented by Kenyatta’s government after independence to revert land to Kenyan peasants. There was, however, corruption and favoritism towards Kikuyu people throughout the program. Land disputes and tensions between different ethnic groups resulted from Kikuyu people being resettled on land owned by other communities. A further exacerbation of the feeling of injustice and marginalization felt by many Kenyans is the failure of the government to compensate those who were displaced from their land.
Besides suppressing political opposition, Kenyatta’s government also suppressed dissent. To stifle political competition, he used the security forces to crack down on dissent and ban opposition parties. As a result, people felt that they could not criticize or express their concerns to the government due to a climate of fear and intimidation. The government curtailed many Kenyans’ rights and freedoms during Kenyatta’s time, contributing further to Kenyan discontent.
It was also economically damaging for Kenyatta to favor the Kikuyu people. Contracts and tenders awarded by the government benefited a large number of Kikuyu people, resulting in an even greater income gap between rich and poor. This led to resentment and economic inequality among the Kikuyu elite, who benefited from government resources at the expense of other communities.
During Jomo Kenyatta’s rule in Kenya, many Kenyans disapproved of Kenyatta’s favoritism of the Kikuyu people. Several ethnic groups were marginalized, discriminated against, and allegedly favored by his policies and actions. The result was a sense of exclusion and resentment on the part of other communities.
The first african country to achieve independence was
The Correct Answer Is:
- D) Ghana
In 1957, Ghana became the first African country to achieve independence from European colonial rule. Led by the charismatic and visionary Kwame Nkrumah, Ghana’s independence was a significant moment in Africa’s struggle for freedom.Ghana’s success served as an inspiration to other African colonies who were also seeking independence. In the years that followed, several other African countries achieved independence, including Nigeria, Kenya and Uganda.
Ghana’s achievement of independence was a major milestone in the history of Africa. It demonstrated that African countries could successfully achieve self-governance and chart their own destiny.
European nations benefited from african colonies’
A) Labor and resources.
B) Industries and artisans.
C) Established trade routes.
D) Well-trained military.
The Correct Answer Is:
- A) Labor and resources.
European nations benefited greatly from their African colonies in terms of labor and resources. The colonies provided a ready source of cheap labor, which was used to fuel the industrial revolution in Europe. In addition, the colonies provided raw materials and other resources that were used to support the growing economies of European nations.
However, the benefits of colonialism were not evenly distributed among all European nations. Those nations that had more colonies and larger empires tended to reap greater economic benefits than those with fewer colonies. This led to a growing divide between the rich and powerful European nations and the poor and weak ones.
The situation became even more unequal during the 19th century when some European nations began to annex African territories, leading to a further concentration of power and wealth among a few colonial powers.