Levels of Organizational Behaviour (OB) Analysis
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Organizational Behaviour(OB) analyzes the behaviour of people at three levels.
- Individual Level Analysis:The major contributing discipline at this level is psychology.Individuals working in organizations are the building blocks for group formation. They are very different in nature. In reality, organizations are the purposeful association of individuals.The individual level analysis includes the characteristics and behaviours of employees as well as the thought processes that are attributed to them, such as motivation, perceptions, personalities,attitudes, and values.
- Group (Team) Level Analysis: Major contributing disciplines at this level are sociology,social psychology and anthropology. Most of the individuals work in a group/team. A group is defined as two or more individuals interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives. Groups can be either formal or informal.Group level analysis focuses at the way people interact. This level includes group dynamics, decisions, power, organizational politics, conflict, leadership, communication,etc.
- Organization System Level Analysis: Major contributing disciplines at this level are sociology, anthropology, and political science. When groups are combined together, they constitute (create) an organization.The focus of analysis at this level is on how people structure their working relationships as well as on how organizations interact withtheir external environmental forces. Major variables for analysis are organizational structure, culture, power and politics, and change and development etc.