Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory is governed by the fact that:
|A. People are universally motivated by needs|
B. People are socially motivated by needs
C. People are politically motivated by needs
D. None of the above
The Correct Answer Is:
A. People are universally motivated by needs
Explanation of the Correct Answer
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs theory is based on the premise that individuals are universally motivated by a hierarchy of needs that can be categorized into five distinct levels. These levels, arranged in a pyramid, represent different stages of human development and the progression of needs.
The theory asserts that individuals must fulfill lower-level needs before they can move on to higher-level ones. The hierarchy, from the most basic to the highest-level needs, consists of physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization needs.
A. People are universally motivated by needs:
This option is the correct answer. Maslow’s theory is founded on the idea that certain needs are innate to all human beings, regardless of culture, age, or other demographic factors. These needs are seen as fundamental to human survival and well-being, and they drive human behavior.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs theory is rooted in the belief that certain fundamental needs are shared by all human beings, regardless of their cultural, social, or demographic backgrounds. These needs are considered essential for human survival and well-being.
They include physiological needs (such as food, water, and shelter), safety needs (including physical and psychological safety), social needs (such as belongingness and interpersonal relationships), esteem needs (like self-esteem and recognition), and self-actualization needs (the realization of personal potential).
This universality is supported by extensive empirical research and observation across various cultures and societies. It demonstrates that the pursuit of these needs is a fundamental aspect of human nature, transcending cultural and societal boundaries.
Now, let’s address why the other options are not correct:
B. People are socially motivated by needs:
While social motivation is indeed a significant component of Maslow’s theory, it is important to recognize that the theory encompasses more than just social needs.
It acknowledges a broader spectrum of human needs, ranging from basic physiological requirements to higher-level aspirations for self-fulfillment and personal growth. Thus, it would be an oversimplification to reduce Maslow’s theory to solely a focus on social motivation.
C. People are politically motivated by needs:
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs theory is primarily concerned with understanding the psychological and physiological needs that drive human behavior. It does not directly address political motivations or ideologies.
While politics can influence the satisfaction of certain needs (such as safety and belongingness), the theory itself does not serve as a framework for analyzing political motivation.
D. None of the above:
Selecting “None of the above” would be a dismissal of the core principle of Maslow’s theory. It would imply a rejection of the idea that there is a universal hierarchy of needs that governs human behavior and development.
This contradicts extensive research and observations that support the existence of these universal human needs.
In summary, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs theory posits that individuals are universally motivated by a hierarchy of needs, which form the basis for human behavior and development.
While social interactions are an important aspect, the theory encompasses a broader range of needs including physiological, safety, esteem, and self-actualization needs.
The theory is not explicitly concerned with political motivation, making option C incorrect. Option D is also incorrect, as it negates the foundational premise of the theory. Therefore, option A, stating that people are universally motivated by needs, is the correct answer.