Role Conflict Vs Role Strain – Difference Between Role Conflict and Role Strain | Social Roles

Role Conflict Vs Role Strain

Role Conflict Vs Role Strain

Role Conflict 

When a person is subjected to incompatible demands related to their job or position, a role conflict occurs. Role conflict typically occurs when individuals are being pulled in different directions while trying to balance the many responsibilities they have. Situational conflicts can also cause role conflict. Role conflicts can be temporary or long-term, and can also last a long time. People face Role Conflicts when their roles become unclear such as a teacher who is struggling between her roles as a teacher and a parent while dealing with a child domestic violence issue. As a result, both of these roles may attempt to solve the problem, but they may be at odds with their respective ethical standards.

There are expectations and responsibilities associated with every role a person has. People experience role conflict when their roles require conflicting responsibilities at the same time. Everyday life contains numerous examples of conflicting roles. While trying to meet the needs of multiple children at once, a parent might experience role conflict. Work over-time may cause a worker to miss out on important events at home when they are asked to work overtime. When a spouse wishes to spend time with a partner and a child demands attention at the same time, there can be conflicting roles.

Types of Role Conflict

a) Inter-role Conflict 

Inter-role conflict occurs when multiple roles held by one person create conflicting responsibilities, causing the individual to struggle. Among the most common forms of inter-role conflict is work-family conflict. Conflict arises when personal or work responsibilities conflict with a person’s family obligations or desires.

Typical consequences of inter-role conflict related to work roles are:

• Job dissatisfaction
• General dissatisfaction with co-workers and superiors
• Reduced or low job involvement
• Poor job performance
• High Turnover

b) Intra-role Conflict

The term intra-role conflict refers to a person’s internal dialogue/ behaviors/ values/ attitudes that can sometimes be incompatible with the role they are playing. When there is an intra-role conflict, there is only one role involved, and instead of involving a conflict between roles, it is about an incompatibility between the person and a certain role. Therefore, intra-role conflict is sometimes referred to as person-role conflict.

Typical consequences of large inter-role conflict can result in:

• Depression
• Anxiety
• Burnout
• Other negative physical symptoms

Role Strain

Role strain is a condition where a person has to fulfill a life role that requires challenging behavior, has unrealistic expectations, or is overwhelming in some other way. An employee faces role strain when the responsibilities of their role become challenging. A role strain makes it difficult for a person to be effective in their role as the role demands more than that an individual can take on. As an example, a teacher struggling with the need to discipline students while empathizing with them. Role strain occurs when there is so much pressure on a specific role in a person’s life.

How People Cope With Role Strain ?

  • Through Compartmentalization.
  • Delegation.
  • Giving up a role.
  • Acquiring a new role.
  • Working without interruption.

Similarly, You may Also like:

Was this helpful?

1 / 0

Leave a Reply 0

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Management Notes