Who developed biofeedback as a technique to treat combat stress?
a) Gary Schwartz
b) Herbert Benson
c) Martin Seligman
Who defined stress as, “the response of the body to any demand, whether it is caused by, or result in, pleasant or unpleasant conditions”?
b) Herbert Benson
c) Hans Selye
When did the term stress enter scientific literature?
What triggers the secondary appraisal of a stressor?
a. an inability to react to the primary appraisal
b. a feeling of anxiety
c. how a threat is perceived
d. increased heart rate
Between 2006 and 2009, the greatest increases in stress levels were found to occur among ________.
a. those aged 45-64
b. the unemployed
c. those without college degrees
Negative effects of stress are most likely to be experienced when an event is perceived to as _________.
b. threatening and no clear options for dealing with it are apparent
c. negative, but it is likely to affect one’s friends rather then oneself
A stress-moderating hormone released by cuddling and associated with pair-bonding is known as
Folds are most often created through what type of stress?
The relaxation response technique is a stress reduction technique that combines elements of relaxation and what else?
Who said, “The intensity and chronicity of human stress is governed largely by perceived control over the demands of one’s life”?
a) Sigmund freud
b) Thomas holmes
c) Albert bandura
d) Richard rahe
Developing stomach ulcers during a prolonged period of stress exemplifies how stress can have a negative ________ impact.
Which type of appraisal involves judgment about the degree of potential harm or threat to well-being that a stressor might entail?
A stressor is likely to be appraised as a threat when someone ________.
A. anticipates that it could lead to some kind of harm, loss, or other negative consequence
B. believes it is a threat
C. believes that it carries the potential for gain or personal growth
D. experiences the physical responses subjectively defined as the fear response
________ is the kind of stress associated with positive feelings, as well as optimal health and performance.
Which term refers to mental or behavioral efforts used to manage problems relating to stress, including the cause and the unpleasant feelings and emotions it produces?
Marcy is in a car accident. This is an example of a(n) ________ stressor.
Lamont cares for his aging father, who suffers from dementia. This is an example of a(n) ________ stressor.
Brizan has just lost his job. He is proactive in trying to resolve this source of stress: He immediately uses the Internet to look up other jobs in his field and plans to eliminate non-essentials from his budget to make his savings last longer. Which type of coping approach is Brizan using?
B. emotion focused
C. problem focused
D. stress reduction
Which of the following is a negative effect of extended cortisol release caused by chronic or prolonged stress?
A. The heart is subjected to abnormal pressure.
B. The immune system is weakened.
C. The lungs are placed are under stress.
D. The thyroid is damaged.
Which of the following is an example of eustress?
a. recovering from a car accident
b. getting a divorce
c. losing a job
d. training for a marathon