Management Notes

Reference Notes for Management

The ___________ records Jewish interpretations of the _____________ which is their sacred text.

The ___________ records Jewish interpretations of the _____________ which is their sacred text.

  1. Torah; Talmud
  2. Hasidic texts; Aggadic Midrashim
  3.  Tanakh; Tawrat
  4. Talmud; Torah

Answer: A. Torah; Talmud

Answer Explanation

The Jewish people have a rich tradition of sacred texts that hold significant religious and historical significance in their faith. Also known as the Five Books of Moses or the Pentateuch, the Torah is the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. The foundations of Judaism are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.

According to Jewish religious practice and moral guidance, the Torah contains the divine laws and commandments given by God to Moses at Mount Sinai. In contrast, the Talmud is a central, exhaustive collection of Jewish interpretations and discussions of the Torah, as well as other legal and ethical issues.

The Talmud is a vital source of Jewish law (Halakha) and ethical guidance, and it addresses a wide range of topics, including rituals, customs, civil law, and moral principles. In this book, rabbis and scholars discuss Jewish life in a dynamic and intricate manner, offering different interpretations and opinions.

Why the other options are not correct

b. Hasidic texts; Aggadic midrashim:

Hasidic texts are writings that belong to the teachings and spiritual insights of the Hasidic Jewish movement, which emerged in the 18th century. The Talmud is not synonymous with Hasidic texts, even though they sometimes incorporate elements of Jewish sacred texts. In contrast, agadic midrashim offer an explanation of biblical narratives by telling stories, allegories, and homiletic teachings.

c. Tanakh; Tawrat:

The Hebrew Bible is composed of the same books as the Old Testament of Christianity. It contains the Torah (the first five books), the Nevi’im (Prophets), and the Ketuvim (Writings). Tawrat, on the other hand, refers to the Torah as revealed to Moses in Islamic tradition. The Tanakh includes the Torah, but it is not limited to it. Moreover, Tawrat appears nowhere in Jewish sacred texts because it is an Islamic term.

d. Talmud;Torah

In this case, the elements are reversed. The Talmud records Jewish interpretations of the Torah, not the other way around. The Torah is the sacred text containing Moses’ divine laws and commands.


In conclusion, the correct answer to the given question is A. Torah; Talmud. The Torah is the sacred text of Judaism, which contains the divine laws and commandments, whereas the Talmud is a compilation of Jewish interpretations, discussions, and commentaries on the Torah and various other legal and ethical issues.

The depth and complexity of Jewish religious tradition and scholarship can only be appreciated by understanding the differences between these texts. With its Mishnah and Gemara, the Talmud remains a central pillar of Jewish learning, influencing Jewish religious practices and ethical principles all over the world.

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Bibisha Shiwakoti

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