The Illiterate Four Levels
Four Levels | Adventures In English Vol I
Management Notes

The Illiterate Four Levels

Unit: Three (Education)
Written By: Laxmi Prasad Devkota (12 November 1909 – 14 September 1959) was a Nepali poet, playwright, and novelist. Honored with the title of Maha Kavi (literal translation: ‘Great Poet’) in Nepali literature, and is known as the poet with the golden heart. Devkota is by and large regarded as the greatest poet in the history of Nepal and Nepali language. He was a multitalented personality. He was awarded the title poet of poet`s for his creative writing skill. Some of his popular works include Muna Madan, “Sulochana”, Kunjini, and Sakuntala.


‘The illiterate’ is a beautiful poem written by a Nepali poet, Laxmi Prasad Devkota. In this poem, he had compared the uneducated/illiterate person with different things, objects, and animals. According to him, an uneducated/illiterate person doesn`t understand the value of sunshine because an educated person utilizes the energy of the sun in different ways but uneducated/illiterate person uses sun only to determine the day and night. He has also compared an illiterate person with the wind because the wind flow`s in any direction they don`t have any destinations hence uneducated people don`t have any kind of aim or destination.

They were also compared with vegetables as educated people use them and fill their hunger by giving them laborious work. An uneducated person are unable to make any kind of solution to the problem, they need to ask with an educated person. They don`t have any ability to determine what`s wrong and what`s right even god also feels sad for giving life to such an uneducated person. At last Laxmi Prasad Devkota request the god for forgiving them an opportunity to make an educated person.


This poem portrays the importance and value of education in our life. The poet explains how a person becomes small and shameful in society if he hadn`t sufficient education like in the poem. He might be telling us that education is the chain, which every person have to wear to get respect with any king of society. Otherwise, educated person utilize their power for their personal benefits and the illiterate person may suffer to a great extent. He explains the reality of society how an educated person tends to discriminate an uneducated people. He explains the role of education in normal life and how education plays an important factor to make life easier and successful.


This is a beautiful and inspirational poem with a very important message attached to it presented in a good manner by Laxmi Prasad Devkota. Although I agree with the beautiful message of this poem I found some parts of the poem really unconvincing and questionable.

  • How a human being can be compared with a dog?
  • Is it compulsory to be educated to earn respect in the society?
  • Do all uneducated persons were discriminated in the society?
  • Is it necessary to be educated to solve any kind of problem?


Before reading this poem. I used to think education is just a degree to meet up job requirements. People just go to school, college, and university for getting certificates to get job opportunities. But after reading this poem, I came to know the value of education in life. Education is not the thing which we should achieve for the job rather it is the gateway of respect, pride, unity in society. Education plays a great role to make the life of human beings bright. The person without education is the same as the fish without water which makes hard to survive in this cruel world.

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