Management Notes

Reference Notes for Management

The minimum amount of __________ irrespective of such private participation could be specified at a minimum 17.5 per cent of project costs by lending institutions.

The minimum amount of __________ irrespective of such private participation could be specified at a minimum 17.5 per cent of project costs by lending institutions.


A. bank loans
B. promotors contribution
C. fixed capital
working capital

The Correct Answer Is:

B. promotors contribution

Correct Answer Explanation: B. Promotors Contribution

The minimum amount of promotors’ contribution, irrespective of any private participation, could be specified at a minimum of 17.5 percent of project costs by lending institutions. This stipulation is crucial in the realm of project financing, as it plays a pivotal role in ensuring the sustainability and viability of a project.

In this discussion, we will delve deeper into the significance of promotors’ contribution, its impact on project financing, and why the other options presented are not suitable.

Promotors’ contribution, in this context, refers to the financial investment made by those who initiate and champion a project. It is a manifestation of their commitment, belief in the project’s success, and the capital they are willing to stake in it.

Regardless of whether lending institutions are involved, this contribution is essential for several reasons.

First and foremost, promotors’ contribution serves as a litmus test for the project’s feasibility. It assures lending institutions and potential investors that the project initiators have “skin in the game” and are committed to its success.

This commitment is particularly significant as it demonstrates that the promotors are willing to share the financial risk associated with the project. A higher promotors’ contribution implies a greater personal investment, which can instill confidence in external parties, making it more likely for them to come on board.

This could be pivotal in securing additional funding or favorable lending terms from financial institutions.

Secondly, the promotors’ contribution is instrumental in ensuring the stability of the project’s capital structure. By setting a minimum requirement for this contribution, the project’s capital structure becomes more balanced and robust.

A substantial promotors’ contribution means that the project is not overly reliant on external financing, reducing its vulnerability to market fluctuations, interest rate changes, or unexpected financial crises. This contributes to the project’s financial resilience, making it more capable of weathering economic uncertainties.

Moreover, a significant promotors’ contribution can lead to greater stakeholder confidence, which can be essential in attracting other forms of investment. Whether from private investors, banks, or other lending institutions, external parties are more likely to provide funds when they see the promotors’ commitment.

This, in turn, can reduce the cost of capital for the project, making it more economically viable in the long run.

The promotors’ contribution also aligns with the principles of responsible project management. It signifies that the promotors have thoroughly evaluated the project’s risks and returns, and they are willing to invest their own resources accordingly.

This commitment can lead to more prudent project planning, risk mitigation, and better management, all of which are conducive to project success.

Now, let’s explore why the other options presented – bank loans, fixed capital, and working capital – are not suitable in this context.

Bank Loans (Option A):

While bank loans are a common method of financing projects, the sentence is specifically discussing the minimum contribution that must come from the promotors.

It doesn’t address the source of the remaining funds, which could come from various sources including bank loans, private investors, or other forms of financing. Therefore, “bank loans” is not the correct answer in this context.

Fixed Capital (Option C):

Fixed capital typically refers to the funds used for acquiring long-term assets, such as machinery and buildings. While these are important components of a project, the sentence in question pertains to the minimum amount the promotors must invest, regardless of the project’s nature or requirements.

It does not specify the form in which the promotors’ contribution should be made. Thus, “fixed capital” is not the correct answer in this context.

Working Capital (Option D):

Working capital is a distinct aspect of project finance that pertains to the funds required for day-to-day operational expenses. These expenses become relevant once a project is operational, whereas the sentence is discussing the initial contribution needed from the promotors.

Working capital is not directly relevant to the concept of promotors’ contribution, and therefore, “working capital” is not the correct answer in this context.

In conclusion, the correct answer, “B. promotors’ contribution,” is the most suitable option in this context. It encapsulates the concept of promotors’ financial commitment, which is essential for project feasibility, financial stability, and stakeholder confidence.

The other options – bank loans, fixed capital, and working capital – do not address the promotors’ contribution specifically and are thus not appropriate in the given context.

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