Selective perception is a cognitive process in which individuals selectively perceive, interpret, and attend to information in accordance with their beliefs, attitudes, and expectations. Individuals’ perceptions and judgments are shaped by this phenomenon, which shapes how they process and make sense of the world around them.
Selective perception encompasses mechanisms that operate in different stages of perception, such as attention, perception, and interpretation. It has been widely studied in psychology, cognitive science, and social psychology.
In selective perception, individuals believe they have limited cognitive resources, so they cannot process or attend to every piece of information. The result is that they filter information based on their pre-existing biases and preferences and prioritize it accordingly. This causes perceptual errors. Personal beliefs, values, motivations, and emotional states all play a role in influencing this filtering process.