When a firm enters into some business which is related with its present business in terms of technology marketing or both it is called as ______________.
|A. conglomerate diversification.|
B. horizontal integration.
C. vertical integration.
D. concentric integration.
The Correct Answer Is:
D. concentric integration.
Understanding Business Diversification: Concentric Integration
Business diversification is a strategic move that involves a company entering into new markets or industries. Among the provided options, the correct answer is “D. concentric integration.”
This term refers to a specific form of diversification where a company ventures into a business that is related to its existing operations in terms of technology, marketing, or both.
In this discussion, we will explore why concentric integration is the correct answer, and why the other options do not accurately describe this type of business expansion.
Explanation of the Correct Answer:
D. Concentric Integration
Concentric integration is a strategic business move where a company expands into a new line of business that is related to its existing operations in terms of technology, marketing, or both. This type of diversification allows a company to leverage its existing expertise, resources, and customer base to enter a new market.
For example, if a software company that specializes in creating accounting software decides to develop payroll management software, it would be considered concentric integration. The technology and target market (businesses in need of accounting solutions) are related, making this an example of concentric diversification.
Concentric integration offers several advantages. It allows a company to capitalize on its existing strengths and knowledge base. It can lead to cost efficiencies in research, development, and marketing, as the company already possesses some of the necessary capabilities.
Additionally, it can help in mitigating risks associated with venturing into entirely unfamiliar markets.
Explanation of Incorrect Options:
Let’s delve deeper into why the other options are incorrect one by one:
A. Conglomerate Diversification
Conglomerate diversification involves a company entering into businesses that are completely unrelated to its existing operations. This type of diversification is characterized by a lack of synergy between the different businesses.
For example, if a clothing manufacturer starts a chain of restaurants, it would be considered conglomerate diversification. This option does not align with the concept of entering a related business.
B. Horizontal Integration
Horizontal integration involves a company acquiring or merging with other firms that operate in the same industry and at the same stage of production. This type of integration aims to consolidate market share, reduce competition, and potentially achieve economies of scale.
It does not involve diversifying into a related business, as is the case with concentric integration.This type of integration aims to consolidate market share, reduce competition, and potentially achieve economies of scale. It does not involve diversifying into a related business, as is the case with concentric integration.
C. Vertical Integration
Vertical integration involves a company extending its operations either backward (into suppliers’ businesses) or forward (into customers’ businesses) in the production process. This strategy aims to increase control over the production chain, potentially reducing costs and enhancing efficiency.
It does not involve entering a new business related to the company’s existing operations.
Concentric integration is a strategic move where a company diversifies into a business related to its existing operations in terms of technology, marketing, or both. This form of diversification allows a company to leverage its existing strengths and resources.
The other options, conglomerate diversification, horizontal integration, and vertical integration, describe different types of business expansion that do not involve entering a related business.