Which of the following best describes the areas studied as a part of environmental sociology
A) the interaction between social organization and social behavior.
B) the interactions between social organization and the physical environment.
C) the overlap between social and economic systems.
D) the overlap between the fields of environmental law and sociology
The Correct Answer is option b. the interactions between social organization and the physical environment.
The study of environmental sociology is the study of interactions between societies and their natural environment. Social factors that influence resource management and cause environmental issues have been studied in this field, as have processes by which these environmental problems are constructed as social issues and the response to them. A subfield of sociology called environmental sociology was born in the late 1970s following the emergence of environmental movements in the 1960s. This is a relatively new field of inquiry that encompasses an extension of earlier sociology by integrating physical context with social factors.
Environmental Sociology is a subdiscipline of Sociology that focuses on the different ways in which human society interacts with the environment. Environmental sociologists evaluate a variety of topics, such as food systems, ecological decline caused by human activity, the relationship between population dynamics, health, and the environment, and the role that elites play in damaging the environment. Research in Environmental Sociology focuses on the inequitable distribution of environmental hazards, and examines how socially disadvantaged populations are exposed to a wide range of environmental hazards, including natural disasters.
In spite of acrimonious debate between the constructivist and realist camps in environmental sociology in the 1990s, both sides have come to acknowledge that although most environmental problems are real, they remain only known through the efforts of scientists, activists, and media. Therefore, scientists, activists, media, and other social actors construct various conditions as problems on the basis of various social processes, thus most environmental problems possess a real ontological status. Consequently, environmental problems must all be viewed through the lens of social processes, no matter the material basis they may have. Many aspects of this interaction are now widely accepted, but much of the debate continues in contemporary research.