Management Notes

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Which of the following best illustrates the most predictable effect of schemas on perception?

Which of the following best illustrates the most predictable effect of schemas on perception?

A.) Roberto sees trees that are higher up in a painting as being farther away than lower trees.
B.) Lindsey recognizes that her shirt’s color has not changed in the dim light, even though the color is less brilliant.
C.) Grant has more difficulty recognizing a penguin as a bird than he does a blue jay.
D.) Doris sees a shape as a five-pointed star, even though one of the points is blocked from her vision.
E.) Erick has more difficulty understanding a speech made by someone with a British accent than by someone with an American accent.​

Answer Explanation:

Yes, that is correct. A schema is a mental framework or structure that organizes and interprets information in the world around us. They can influence our perception by influencing us to see what we expect to see, even when some of the information is lacking or unclear.

Despite the fact that one of the stars’ points is blocked from Doris’ view, she perceives the shape as a star according to her schema for the five-pointed star. The reason for this is that her brain fills in the missing information based on her schema, so she perceives the shape as she expects it to. Schemas have a common effect on perception called schema-driven or top-down processing.

Individuals use schemas to organize and interpret incoming information. These frameworks are shaped by experiences and beliefs, and can affect their perception of the world. Among the most predictable effects of schemas on perception are the tendency for individuals to pay selective attention to and interpret information that is consistent with their schemas. According to confirmation bias, individuals ignore or discount information that is in conflict with their schema as a result of this phenomenon.

An individual with a schema that all lawyers are greedy and selfish may observe and remember instances where lawyers act selfishly, while ignoring instances when lawyers act selflessly.

Hence, confirmation bias is the most predictable effect of schemas on perception, where individuals selectively attend to and interpret information that is consistent with what they already believe.

Smirti

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