Which of the following is a manifest function of schools?
|a. Understanding when to speak up and when to be silent|
b. Learning to read and write
c. Following a schedule
d. Knowing locker room etiquette
The Correct Answer Is:
b. Learning to read and write
Let’s break down each option and explain why “Learning to read and write” is a manifest function of schools.
Correct Answer Explanation : Learning to Read and Write
One of the primary and most evident functions of schools is to impart foundational academic skills, particularly reading and writing. This is considered a “manifest function” because it is an explicit and intentional goal of the educational system.
Reading and writing are fundamental skills that form the basis for almost all other learning. They enable individuals to access information, communicate effectively, and participate in various aspects of society.
In schools, children are systematically taught how to recognize and interpret written language. They learn phonics, vocabulary, comprehension, and writing techniques. Through a structured curriculum, students progress from basic letter recognition to complex comprehension skills.
Writing instruction involves not only penmanship but also composition, grammar, and various forms of written expression.
Why the Other Options are Not Correct:
Option a: Understanding when to speak up and when to be silent
While the ability to communicate effectively and understand social cues is crucial for personal and professional success, it is not the primary and explicit purpose of formal education.
This skill is more related to social and emotional development, which is indeed an important aspect of a child’s education but is not the primary focus of schools. It is typically acquired through a combination of family, community, and school experiences.
In a school setting, this skill is often developed alongside academic learning, but it is not the primary function of the institution.
Option c: Following a schedule
Maintaining a schedule and managing time are vital life skills, but they are not the primary goal of formal education. Schools do enforce schedules to create a structured learning environment, but this is a means to an end rather than the end itself.
The primary purpose of a school is to provide students with knowledge, skills, and critical thinking abilities across various subjects. Following a schedule is a practical aspect of this process, helping to ensure that learning is organized and productive.
Option d: Knowing locker room etiquette
This is a specific social skill that may be relevant in certain contexts, particularly in physical education or sports-related activities. However, it is not a primary educational objective.
Learning locker room etiquette is more closely related to physical education or extracurricular activities, which are important components of a well-rounded education. It falls under the category of socialization and practical life skills, rather than the core academic mission of schools.
In summary, options a, c, and d are important skills and aspects of a holistic education, but they are not the primary, explicit functions of formal education.
The primary goal of schools is to provide students with the knowledge and skills they need to succeed academically and in life, with a focus on subjects like reading and writing as foundational elements of this mission.
While schools certainly play a role in fostering social skills, time management, and practical etiquette, these elements are secondary, woven into the broader tapestry of education.
They complement the primary mission of schools, which is to empower students with the knowledge, critical thinking abilities, and proficiency in fundamental subjects that will serve as the building blocks for their future endeavors.
In essence, formal education not only imparts practical life skills but also cultivates a deep-seated love for learning, preparing individuals to tackle the challenges and opportunities that await them beyond the classroom walls.