Which of the following is false about sensation?
A. Sensation refers to the way sensory information is organized, interpreted, and consciously experienced.
B. We have a sensory system that provides information about balance, called the vestibular sense.
C. We have more than five senses.
D. When sensory information is detected by a sensory receptor, sensation has occurred.
The process of sensation is the process through which the brain absorbs information and interprets it. The five senses that contribute to our sense of feeling are vision, hearing, taste, smell, and touch. There is a unique neural pathway linking these systems to the brain, which facilitates the rapid transfer of information from the environment to the brain. It would be impossible for us to enjoy the sunny spring day at the park without sensation.
There are unique sensory receptors in each sensory system that are designed to detect specific environmental stimuli. Sensory receptors convert environmental stimulus energy into neural impulses through electrochemical processes. Those neural messages are then interpreted by the brain, which allows it to experience and respond to the environment. Let’s examine each of the five sensory systems in turn in order to gain a deeper understanding of the process of sensation.Various types of sensation can be perceived by humans, and based on this information, our motor movements can be controlled. Sensations give us information about the world around us. Additionally, sensations can protect the body, such as registering environmental cold or heat, or painful needle pricks. Everyday activities can be associated with sensations.
Our sensory receptors receive input about the physical world, and our perception is the process by which the brain selects, organizes, and interprets this information. In other words, perception is based on physiological processes.