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Which of the following is true regarding Data Analysis?

Which of the following is true regarding Data Analysis

a. Disciplines and professions do not provide guidance on data analysis.
b. Data analysis methods should usually be specified in advance before a study begins.
c. Data analysis methods are generally uniform across disciplines.
d. Data analysis methods can typically be specified at the close of a study after it is clear what kind of data has been collected.

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The Correct Answer for the given question is Option b. Data analysis methods should usually be specified in advance before a study begins.

The researcher can choose the appropriate methods for collecting and analyzing data to help answer their research questions and objectives as a result of clearly defining their research question. It is also important to specify methods in advance so that the research design is consistent and systematic, and the results are reliable and valid. As well as ensuring transparency in the research process, specifying data analysis methods in advance enables other researchers to replicate the study.

The researchers can also be more transparent about their research process by stating in advance the methods they will use to analyze data. When a study’s results can be used to inform policy or practice, this is especially important, as it allows other researchers to replicate or build upon the study in the future. Researchers can make their work transparent and open to scrutiny by giving a clear and detailed description of the methods used, and by making sure their results can be trusted and relied upon.

An essential step in conducting high-quality research that contributes to our understanding of the world and informs important decisions is specifying data analysis methods in advance. The results of researchers’ research can be trusted and relied upon by others if their work is rigorous, systematic, and reliable.


Answer Explanation

Data Analysis

In business decision making, data analysis involves cleaning, transforming, and modeling data to discover useful information. Analyzing data is the process of extracting information from it and making a decision based on the data. Any decision we make in our daily life is based on what happened last time or what we will do if we make that particular choice. Analysis of the past or future is nothing more than making decisions based on this knowledge. It involves looking back or looking forward to the past. Analyzing data is nothing more than that. The same thing analysts do for business purposes is called Data Analysis.

Data Analysis Process

Analyzing data is no more than gathering information using an appropriate application or tool that enables you to examine the data and determine patterns. You can make decisions based on that information and data, or you can get conclusions from it. Analysis of data includes the following phases:

  • Data Requirement Gathering
  • Data Collection
  • Data Cleaning
  • Data Analysis
  • Data Interpretation
  • Data Visualization

Types of Data Analysis

Running a successful business depends on the analysis of data. By analyzing data effectively, businesses are able to better understand their past performance and make better decisions for their future. At all levels of an organization, data can be utilized in many different ways. The four most common types of data analysis are described below. Despite the fact that we categorize these into categories, they are all linked and build on each other. Analyzing more complex data is more difficult and more resource-intensive as you progress. However, you also gain a greater level of insight and value.

  • Descriptive Analysis
  • Diagnostic Analysis
  • Predictive Analysis
  • Prescriptive Analysis

Descriptive Analysis

Descriptive analysis provides a broader picture of an event or phenomenon than other quantitative methods. To conduct a descriptive research, a variable is chosen or even a single variable is chosen. Descriptive analysis has the advantage of high objectivity and neutrality of the researchers. Choosing descriptive analysis as a research method is important because it reveals the characteristics of the data, and if the data doesn’t accord with the trends, it can lead to a major dump of data. An analysis of this type is considered to be more useful in collecting information that describes relationships as natural and shows the world as it actually is. Because all trends are based on research about real-life data behavior, this analysis is very real and close to humanity.

Experimental and inferential studies can be used to identify variables and new hypotheses. Because the data properties are used directly, the margin for error is very small. Therefore, it is considered useful. This type of study gives the researcher the flexibility to use both quantitative and qualitative data in order to discover the properties of the population. In addition to conducting case studies, researchers can also conduct correlation analyses to describe a phenomenon in their own way. Case studies enable the researcher to fully understand people, events, and institutions when they are described as an individual, an event, or an institution.

The researcher tends to gather data points from a relatively large number of samples in surveys, which are some of the main types of descriptive analysis, as opposed to experiments, which need smaller samples. One of the main advantages of the survey method over other descriptive methods is that researchers can study larger populations of individuals easily. It gives a broader and cleaner description of the unit under study if the surveys are properly administered.

Diagnostic Analysis

The Diagnostic analysis is a special type of analytical technique using which the data s interpreted and analyzed properly to find out what happened or caused a particular cyber breach. In order to be able to analyze data properly, a variety of different techniques are employed to understand or extract it. The techniques include drill-down, data discovery, data mining, and correlations, while these may all be used in the context of performing diagnostic analysis, it is not mandatory to use them all. There may be different principles on which dedicated breaches work, but they don’t necessarily employ each of these techniques.

As a first step, this technique will provide you with a lot of insight into the kind of questions such as what will happen in the future regarding updates, the operations of your place overall, and many others. The data can be interpreted by analyzing tons and tons of raw data and can be answered faster by answering various critical workforce-related questions. Moreover, actionable insights can be gathered into the working behaviors of the employees. Despite the long list of benefits, let’s discuss the steps involved in successfully implementing a diagnostic analysis.

This report analyzes the cause and behavior of the events with the proper time stamps, which clarifies not only why the breach occurred, but also using what specific methods it occurred. A diagnostic analytics study looks for correlations and causes of trends using data. Using descriptive analytics to identify trends can be seen as a logical next step. It is possible to use a statistical software program, such as Excel, to conduct diagnostic analysis. Data discovery, drill-down, data mining, and correlations are common techniques used in diagnostic analytics. The discovery process involves identifying the data sources that will enable analysts to interpret the results. The focus of drilling down is on a certain aspect or widget of the data. With Sisense’s BI platform, drill-downs are easy.

In data mining, a large collection of raw data is processed to extract useful information. You can pinpoint the parameters of the investigation by finding consistent correlations in your data. Data sources will be identified by the analyst. The companies have to often look for patterns outside of their own data sets to do this.Identifying correlations and determining causality may require pulling in data from external sources.

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