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Which of the following was a topic of study in early sociology?

Which of the following was a topic of study in early sociology?

  1. astrology
  2. economics
  3. physics
  4. history​

Answer: b. economics

Answer Explanation

Early sociology emerged as a response to social changes and challenges brought about by the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century. Sociologists during this period focused on understanding the complexities of society, including the economic aspects that were central to the transformation of traditional agrarian societies into industrialized urban centers.

A significant part of early sociology was the study of economic structures, such as capitalism and industrialization, as sociologists sought to understand how these structures shaped social structures, class divisions, labor conditions, and wealth distribution. The study of economic changes and the impact of industrial capitalism on individuals and communities was of interest to early sociologists.

Karl Marx, Émile Durkheim, and Max Weber were early sociologists who extensively studied the role of economics in shaping various social phenomena.

Why the other options are not correct

a. Astrology

While astrology is a practice dating back thousands of years, it was not studied in early sociology. Sociology is a social science whose objective is to study human societies and social behavior in a systematic manner. On the other hand, astrology is a belief system that links celestial positions to human events and personality traits. The study of early sociology does not include astrology, despite its cultural significance in several historical societies.

c. Physics

Natural sciences such as physics study matter, energy, motion, and the fundamental laws that govern our universe. Physicists were not a central topic of study within early sociology, even though scientific developments were unfolding during the same historical period. Rather than focusing on natural sciences, early sociology primarily examined social phenomena, institutions, and human interactions.

d. History

As both disciplines seek to understand the past and how it influences the present, history is closely related to sociology. History itself, however, focuses on the chronology of past events, developments, and societal changes, and is distinct from other disciplines. History is not a topic of study within sociology per se, even though it informs sociological research.


In early sociology, economics played an important role in shaping societies, class relations, and social change. Sociologists like Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber explored economics as a central topic of study.

In order to better understand the complex interaction between economic structures, social organizations, and individual lives, early sociologists studied the economic foundations of society. In understanding contemporary social issues and inequalities, sociological examinations of economics remain relevant today.

Scapegoat theory states that prejudice is created by

Bibisha Shiwakoti

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