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Which of the following was a topic of study in early sociology?

Which of the following was a topic of study in early sociology?


a. Astrology
b. Economics
c. Physics
d. History

The Correct Answer Is:

  • b. Economics

The correct answer is (b) Economics. Early sociology, as an academic discipline, emerged during the 19th century and focused on the study of society, human behavior, and social phenomena. Economics, as a topic of study, has been an integral part of sociology since its inception. Early sociologists were interested in understanding the economic structures, inequalities, and dynamics within societies.

They examined how economic factors influenced human behavior and social organization. Let’s delve into why economics was a topic of study in early sociology and why the other options are not correct.


Economics is the correct answer because it has been a prominent topic of study in early sociology. Early sociologists, such as Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim, recognized the significance of economic factors in shaping society and social relationships. Karl Marx, for instance, explored the role of economic structures, particularly capitalism, in class struggle and social inequality.

Max Weber analyzed the connections between economic activity and the development of capitalism, as well as the influence of economic values on the Protestant work ethic. Emile Durkheim studied the division of labor and its impact on social solidarity.

These early sociologists laid the foundation for the sociological analysis of economic structures and their effects on individuals and communities, making economics a central topic of study in early sociology.

Now, let’s examine why the other options are not correct topics of study in early sociology:

a. Astrology:

Astrology is not a topic of study in early sociology or in sociology in general. Astrology is a belief system and a pseudoscience that deals with the influence of celestial bodies on human behavior and personality. While it may have cultural and historical significance, it does not fall within the purview of sociology, which is concerned with the scientific study of human society and social behavior.

c. Physics:

Physics is a natural science that primarily focuses on the study of the fundamental principles governing the physical world, such as matter, energy, and the behavior of particles and forces.

Sociology, on the other hand, is a social science that examines human behavior, social institutions, and societal structures. While both physics and sociology are important fields of study, physics is not a topic within sociology, and the two fields have distinct subject matter.

d. History:

History is a separate academic discipline that deals with the study of past events, individuals, and societies. While sociology often draws on historical data and events to understand social changes and developments, history and sociology are distinct fields.

Sociology is concerned with analyzing and explaining social phenomena, structures, and interactions in the present and future, rather than documenting past events as history does.

In conclusion, economics was indeed a significant topic of study in early sociology. Early sociologists recognized the importance of economic factors in shaping societies and social relationships. They laid the groundwork for the sociological analysis of economic structures and their impact on various aspects of human life.

While the other options—astrology, physics, and history—are valuable fields of study in their own right, they are not topics within the discipline of early sociology. Sociology, as a social science, primarily concerns itself with understanding and explaining human behavior and social structures in society.

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