Management Notes

Reference Notes for Management

Which one is the least risky option?

Which one is the least risky option?

  1. Bonds
  3. Treasury Bills
  4. Trading

Answer: c. Treasury Bills

Answer Explanation

Treasury Bills are considered one of the safest investments in the financial market because they are short-term debt instruments issued by governments to raise funds. Treasury Bills are the least risky option because they are backed by the government, have short-term maturities, offer a fixed return, and exhibit low volatility.

The absence of credit risk, high liquidity, and use as a risk management tool further enhance their safety profile. A Treasury Bill is a reliable and secure investment option for conservative investors who prioritize capital preservation over higher returns.

However, it’s essential to note that while Treasury Bills are low-risk, they may also have lower returns compared to other riskier investments like stocks. An investment in Treasury Bills or other asset classes should be based on one’s financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment time frame. To optimize risk and return in a portfolio, diversification across various investment types can also be a prudent strategy.

Why the other options are not correct

a. Bonds

Bonds are debt securities issued by corporations and governments to raise capital. Although bonds are generally considered less risky than shares, they are generally riskier than Treasury Bills. Investors may lose some or all of their principal investment if the issuer faces financial difficulties or defaults on the bond.

Bond risks are primarily determined by the creditworthiness of the issuer. Additionally, bonds carry interest rate risk, which means their value can fluctuate depending on interest rate changes. Therefore, bonds are riskier than Treasury Bills.

b. Shares:

A share represents ownership in a company. It can offer higher returns compared to bonds or Treasury Bills, but it entails greater risks. Share prices can fluctuate greatly based on the performance of the company, market conditions, and other external factors.

In the event that the company goes bankrupt or faces financial challenges, shareholders can experience a significant loss in the value of their investment or even lose their entire investment. Therefore, shares are riskier than Treasury Bills.

d. Trading:

Stocks, commodities, and other financial instruments are traded in order to profit from short-term price changes. Trading is a highly speculative activity and involves a high level of risk. Traders can experience significant losses if their trades go against them, and market movements can be unpredictable.

Trading requires a deep understanding of the financial markets, technical analysis, and risk management. In comparison to Treasury Bills, which have a fixed return and low volatility, trading is much riskier and not suitable for risk-averse investors.


In conclusion, among the options provided, Treasury Bills are the least risky choice. Treasury Bills are backed by the government, so they are low-risk investments with a guaranteed return at maturity. A bond’s risk is slightly higher than that of a regular bond due to its creditworthiness and interest rate fluctuations.

While shares may provide higher returns, they also carry a greater risk of losing a significant portion of their investment due to their volatility. The riskiest option is trading, which involves speculative activities and significant market risks.

Treasury Bills are a good choice for risk-averse investors who want a safe and stable investment with low risk. Before making any investment decisions, investors need to understand their risk tolerance, investment goals, and time horizon. A portfolio that is spread across several asset classes can also help mitigate overall risk.

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Bibisha Shiwakoti

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