Management Notes

Reference Notes for Management

Workplace stress is considered as:

Workplace stress is considered as:

a) Pull factor
b) Push factor
c) Involuntary factor
d) Uncontrollable factor

Correct Answer: b) Push factor

Answer Explanation:

Workplace stress is considered as Push factor.

The phenomenon of workplace stress is a common occurrence in organizations all over the world and is recognized as a major concern. Work-related strain is the physical, mental, and emotional strain employees experience as a result of various job-related factors, such as high workloads, long working hours, a lack of control over the job, interpersonal conflicts, job insecurity, and insufficient resources at work.An organization’s productivity, profitability, and competitiveness can be negatively affected by workplace stress, which can negatively affect employee well-being, satisfaction, and performance.

As a push factor, workplace stress is often said to drive employees away from their jobs or organizations. By contrast, pull factors, such as high salaries, attractive benefits, and career opportunities, attract employees to an organization or job. Stress can lead to negative feelings among employees, such as anxiety, frustration, and burnout, which can decrease job satisfaction and motivation, as well as increase turnover intentions.

Some of the factors that cause workplace stress are as follows:

i. Workload: When employees are working long hours or tight deadlines, they may feel overwhelmed, leaving them feeling fatigued, irritable, and sleepless, all of which are symptoms of stress.

ii. Low job Control: The feeling of being powerless and frustrated can lead to stress-related symptoms such as depression and anxiety when employees feel that they have little control over their work environment or job tasks.

iii. Interpersonal Conflicts: A conflict with colleagues or supervisors can lead to employees feeling stressed and anxious, resulting in decreased job satisfaction and increased turnover intentions.

iv. Job Insecurity: Employees who feel insecure about their job security or future career prospects might experience stress-related symptoms like anxiety or depression, which can lead to decreased job satisfaction.

v. Inadequate Resources: Employees may feel stressed and overwhelmed if they do not have the necessary resources, such as training or equipment, to perform their duties effectively, leading to lower job satisfaction.

Some of the effects of stress on employees are as follows:

i. Problems with physical health: Workplace stress can lead to headaches, backaches, and digestive issues.
ii. Disturbance in Mental well-being: A workplace stress can also contribute to mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, and burnout.
iii. Dissatisfaction at work: Dissatisfaction at work can affect motivation and lead to increased turnover intentions for employees.
iv. Reduced performance: Stress in the workplace can impair employees’ cognitive abilities, which can result in lower productivity and performance.
v. Increasing absenteeism: Stress in the workplace may lead to an increase in absenteeism, resulting in a decrease in productivity.

Some of the effects of workplace stress on organization are as follows:

i. Productivity is reduced: Workplace stress can decrease employee productivity, thereby decreasing the productivity and profitability of the organization.
ii. Increase in absenteeism: Stress at work can also cause elevated absenteeism, which decreases productivity and profitability even further.
iii. Increased Turnover: Stress can increase employee turnover, increasing recruitment and training costs.
iv. Reputation damage: Stress at work can negatively impact the reputation of the organization and its brand image, affecting its attractiveness to customers and employees alike.
v. Legal Liabilities: Workplace stress can also result in workers’ compensation claims or lawsuits in the organization.


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