Difference between Classical and Operant Conditioning

Difference between Classical and Operant Conditioning | General Psychology

Difference between Classical and Operant Conditioning|Learning | General Psychology|BBA | BBA-BI | BBA-TT | BCIS|Management Notes

Classical Conditioning was firstly described by a Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov whereas Operant Conditioning was firstly described by an American physiologist B.F Skinner.

 

Difference between Classical and Operant Conditioning

Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning 
  1. Classical Conditioning was firstly described by a Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov.
  2. Classical conditioning is a process of learning which alters an individual’s behavior in relation to various internal or external stimuli.
  3. Classical Conditioning is also called  Pavlovian or respondent conditioning.
  4. Classical conditioning involves associating between an involuntary response and a stimulus.
  5. In classical conditioning, the learner is not rewarded with incentives.
  6. In classical conditioning animal behavior is elicited by light, bell, food, etc. Salivation was the involuntary response initiated by a stimulus.
  1. Operant Conditioning was firstly described by an American physiologist B.F Skinner.
  2.  Operant Conditioning is also called instrumental conditioning.
  3. Operant conditioning involves associating between a voluntary behavior and a consequence.
  4. In operant conditioning, the learner is also rewarded with incentives.
  5. In operant conditioning, the reactions came from the animal’s own wish, so it is a voluntary response.
  

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