Conflict Theory | Conflict Theory MCQs | Assumptions of Conflict Theory | Fundamentals of Sociology
Conflict Theory was elaborated in the United Kingdom by Max Gluckman and John Rax. Likewise, the theory was further elaborated by Lewis A. Coser and Randoll Collins in the US; and Ralph Dahrendorf in Germany. All of them are lesser of influenced by Karl Marx, Pareto, George Simmel, Ludwing. There are many varieties of conflict within sociology. Despite the differences, all have the model of society as a whole and all adopt a structural approach.
Furthermore, all conflict perspective uses the notion that there are grouping in society that have a difference in interest. In this respect, they believe that social arrangement will tend to benefit some groups of experts. Because of the existence of different interests, the potential for and likelihood hood conflict is always present. Different group persuading their separate interest are likely to clash and produce some degree of instability in society. It focuses on the existence of competing groups.
Assumptions of Conflict Theory
Some assumptions of conflict theory are;
Competition is one of the major assumptions of the conflict perspective. Completion of rare resources like wealth, leisure, prizes, etc is the heart of a social relationship. Competition rather than consensus or solidarity is the characteristic of human relationships.
Inequality in term of power and rewards are built into the social structure. Individuals and groups benefited from any particular structure strive to maintain it. It causes conflict.
It holds that social change is possible through the only revolution. Change occurs as a result of conflict between social classes, competing for interest rather than adaptation. It is often abrupt revolutionary rather than evolutionary.
War is a unifier of society but sometimes it may be set as an end of a whole society. For Karl Marx, the conflict arises because all the value of every aspect is the result of human labor. According to Marx, capitalist exploits the workers for their benefits and do not share the fruits to the labor equally.