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Forces Affecting Organization Environment Relationships – 5 Major Forces Explained | Principles of Management

Forces Affecting Organization Environment Relationships

Forces Affecting Organization Environment Relationships

➦ While attempting to lead a business to success, executives make strategic decisions based on the environment.

➦ Environments often constrain an organization’s goals in important ways, for example.

➦ When an economy is in recession or if several new competitors enter the marketplace, a company setting a goal to increase sales by 50 percent may struggle to reach this goal.

➦ As you decide whether to start doing business in a new country, acquire another company, or launch an innovative product, among others, environmental factors must also be considered.

➦ An organization’s environment plays an important role in its operation. The conditions and influences that create the conditions and influences upon the competitiveness of a business firm.

➦ In order for an organization to survive, it must be able to change with the environment.

➦ To become an effective organization, you must analyze the environmental forces.

➦ In business, the environment refers to everything that surrounds and affects how an organization functions and grows.

➦ Business environment is defined as “The set of factors outside an organization that have the potential to affect its operation and access to scarce resources”, according to Gareth.

➦ To increase a firm’s competitive capability in the market, business managers should be aware of changes and complexity in the market environment.

➦ Organizations in business are considered to be open systems. A business system is constantly in communication with its environment.

➦ The organization obtains resources from the environment and converts them into outputs that are again returned to the environment in the form of finished goods and services.

The major forces that affect organizational environment relationships are as follows:

1. Economic Environment

Economic Factor

➦ The economic environment of business is largely determined by the economic system of the country.

➦ A number of economic factors such as economic planning and control, national income , industrial policies, monetary and fiscal policies, investments, savings, inflation, and international economic activities reflect economic development.

➦ The economic environment dramatically affects companies’ ability to function effectively and influences their strategic choices.

Economic factors have a significant impact on organizations. The relationship between an organization and its economic environment is intricate.

➨ Economic conditions, such as inflation, exchange rates, and interest rates, affect an organization’s cost of doing business and its profitability.

➨ Consumer spending patterns and income levels directly influence demand for products and services.

➨ A strong economy generally leads to increased consumer spending and business growth.

➨ Economic downturns, on the other hand, can lead to reduced consumer demand, lower revenues, and the need for cost-cutting measures.

2. Political Environment

Political Environment

➦ Political Environment is related to the management of public affairs. Political environment mainly refers to the political structure, composition of bureaucracy, and ideology of the ruling government.

➦ Political philosophy can be democratic or autocratic. Democracy provides a greater role to the private sector.

➦ The political system that exists in a country influence business organization.

➨ The relationship between an organization and its political environment is critical for regulatory compliance and stability.

➨ Government policies, regulations, and political stability impact business operations. Organizations must navigate legal frameworks and engage with government bodies.

➨ Political changes, such as elections or shifts in leadership, can lead to changes in policies that affect industries and markets.

➨ Lobbying and advocacy can be used by organizations to influence government decisions that benefit their interests.

3. Legal Environment

Legal Environment

➦ Legal Environment refers to all the legal principles and policies that affect Organizations’ activities.

➦ It is the framework of laws, regulations, and court decisions intended to encourage and control business activities.

➦ Thus, the government can affect business opportunities through tax laws, economic policies, and international trade rulings.

➨ The legal environment encompasses laws, regulations, and legal frameworks that govern business activities.

➨ Organizations must comply with various laws related to labor, intellectual property, environmental protection, and more.

➨ Non-compliance can lead to legal issues, fines, and reputational damage. Thus, the relationship between an organization and its legal environment is one of adherence and risk management.

➨ Legal changes can also create opportunities or threats for organizations. For example, changes in intellectual property laws can impact innovation and competition.

4. Socio-cultural Environment

Socio-Cultural Environmet

➦ Socio-cultural forces consist of the attitudes, beliefs, and values of individuals and groups in society.

➦ As the values, customs, and tastes change in society, the managers must also change their organizational patterns.

➦ As society changes, our life also changes by new things. Lifestyles and social values promote social change. It affects product choice.

➨ Technology is a powerful force shaping the modern business landscape.

➨ Organizations need to adapt to rapid technological advancements to remain competitive.

➨ This relationship involves continuous investment in research and development, digital transformation, and innovation.

➨ Emerging technologies like artificial intelligence, automation, and blockchain can disrupt industries, and organizations must either adopt or adapt to them.

➨ Technological investments can enhance operational efficiency, improve customer experiences, and create new business models.

5. Technological Environment

Technological Environment

➦ Technology consists of skills, operating methods, systems, and tools that are designed to make work more efficient.

➦ It also largely influences organizations by creating changes in jobs, skills, lifestyles, product production methods, and processes.

➦ Information technology, automation, computerization, and new materials have influenced organizations.

➨ The socio-cultural environment relates to societal values, attitudes, and cultural norms that affect consumer preferences and behavior.

➨ Organizations must understand and adapt to cultural shifts, demographic changes, and evolving consumer expectations.

➨ For example, trends like sustainability, diversity and inclusion, and ethical business practices are increasingly important to consumers, shaping how organizations operate and market their products.

➨ Organizations that align with societal values and respond to cultural trends can build stronger relationships with their customers and communities.

➦ In summary, an organization’s success is closely tied to its ability to navigate and adapt to the dynamic relationships with its external environment, which include economic, political, legal, technological, and socio-cultural forces.

➦ These forces can present opportunities and challenges that require strategic planning and flexibility to thrive in a constantly changing business landscape.


  • Admin. (2022, October 10). What are the Forces Affecting Organization Environment Relationships? – Study Slope.

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