Central Limit Theorem | Meaning and Importance | Business Statistics | Management Notes
Central Limit Theorem
The central limit theorem states that the distribution of sample means approximates a normal distribution as the sample size gets larger (assuming that all samples are identical in size), regardless of population distribution shape (Ganti, 2019).
The Theorem is exactly what the shape of the distribution of means will be when we draw repeated samples from a given population. Specifically, as the sample sizes get larger, the distribution of means calculated from repeated sampling will approach normality (Mishra, 2018).
Importance of Central Limit Theorem in Statistics
Central Limit Theorem is important in Statistics because it allows us to use the normal distribution to make inferences concerning the population mean.
- It is important in Statistics because it guarantees that, when it applies, the samples that are drawn are always randomly selected.
- It is important in Statistics because it enables reasonably accurate probabilities to be determined for events involving the sample average when the sample size is large enough regardless of the distribution of the original value.
Numerical Illustration
Given Information;
Exam Scores: 79, 64, 84, 82, 92 and 77
Numerical Answer (a)
Population mean (µ) =∑X/N = (79 + 64+ 84 +82+ 92 + 77) = 478/6 =79.66
Therefore, the Population mean is 79.66.
Numerical Answer (b)
- Number of samples for selecting two test grades = ^{n}C_{r }= ^{6}C_{2} = 15
Therefore, the number of samples for selecting two test grades is 15.
Numerical Answer(c)
Possible samples of size 2 and their mean value | |
Samples | Sample Mean (x̅) |
79,64 | 71.5 |
79,84 | 81.5 |
79,82 | 80.5 |
79,92 | 85.5 |
79,77 | 78 |
64,84 | 74 |
64,82 | 73 |
64,92 | 78 |
64,77 | 70.5 |
84,82 | 83 |
84,92 | 88 |
84,77 | 80.5 |
82,92 | 87 |
82,77 | 79.5 |
92,77 | 84.5 |
Total | 1195 |
Numerical Answer (d)
- Calculated Population mean (µ) = ∑X/N =478/6= 79.66
- Sample mean (µ_{x}) = ∑means/ samples = 1195/15 =79.66
Therefore both the Population mean and sample mean are equal.
Numerical Answer (e)
If I were a student, I would not like this arrangement because if we take into account the concept of Central Limit Theorem which says that as the number of samples considered go on increasing, the tendency of the sample is more representative of the population would go higher i.e. the sample distribution has higher tendency to follow the normal distribution.
After dropping of the lowest score, the population mean is given by:
Population mean (µ) = (79 + 84 +82+ 92 + 77) / 5 = 82.8.
References
Ganti, A. (2019, April 19). (CLT). Retrieved from Investopedia: https://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/central_limit_theorem.asp
Mishra, M. (2018, June 19). Understanding The CLTm. Retrieved from https://towardsdatascience.com/understanding-the-central-limit-theorem-642473c63ad8