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UPSC Syllabus 2023 PDF – Civil Services Syllabus for Prelims and Mains | संघ लोक सेवा आयोग

UPSC Syllabus 2023 PDF

Note: Candidates who wish to appear in the UPSC CSE 2023 exam should begin their preparations as soon as possible. A preliminary examination for Civil Services will be held on May 28, 2023, as per UPSC’s calendar for 2023.

UPSC Exam Date 2023 = May 28, 2023

Background of UPSC: Union Public Service Commission (संघ लोक सेवा आयोग)

Frequently abbreviated as UPSC, the Union Public Service Commission (संघ लोक सेवा आयोग)  is India’s premier central recruitment agency for all Group ‘A’ officers under the Government of India. All of the central public sector units and all of the central autonomous bodies are subject to this board’s examinations for all Group “A” posts in union government establishments. The central personnel agency in India is the Department of Personnel and Training.

UPSC Full Form

  • UPSC Full Form In English = Union Public Service Commission
  • UPSC Full Form in Hindi = संघ लोक सेवा आयोग

Located in New Delhi, the commission has its own secretariat and operates out of Dholpur House. The UPSC has been led by Dr. Manoj Soni since April 5th, 2022. The Public Service Commission was established on 1 October 1926 as the Public Service Commission, later reconstituted as the Federal Public Service Commission by the Government of India Act 1935, and renamed as the Union Public Service Commission after independence.

As described in Part XIV of the Indian Constitution, the agency receives its charter from the Union and States. In accordance with the Constitution, the commission is responsible for making appointments to the Union and All India Services. As well as appointment, transfer, promotion, and disciplinary matters, it must be consulted by the Government. Through the President, the commission can advise the Government. However, such advice does not bind the government. The UPSC, along with the country’s higher judiciary and most recently the Election Commission, is among the few constitutional authorities that operate with both autonomy and freedom.

Commission Members of UPSC

DesignationNameJoining DateRetirement Date
ChairmanDr. Manoj Soni05/04/2022 (FN)27/06/2023
MemberMs. Smita Nagaraj01/12/2017 (FN)21/09/2023
MemberMs. M. Sathiyavathy09/04/2018 (AN)12/05/2023
MemberSh. Bharat Bhushan Vyas13/12/2018 (AN)14/11/2022
MemberDr. T. C. A. Anant14/01/2019 (FN)02/01/2023
MemberSh. Rajiv Nayan Choubey01/02/2019 (FN)27/01/2024
MemberLt. Gen. Raj Shukla (Retd.)18/07/2022 (FN)26/03/2027


UPSC Syllabus 2023 PDF

Background Details of Civil Services Examination (CSE)

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts the Civil Services Examination (CSE), which is among the most coveted examinations in the country. Civil Services examinations have become more competitive over the years, and aspirants from across the globe dedicate themselves to preparing and acing them.

Candidates who wish to appear in the UPSC CSE 2023 exam should begin their preparations as soon as possible. A preliminary examination for Civil Services will be held on May 28, 2023, as per UPSC’s calendar for 2023.IAS is another name for the UPSC Civil Services examination. Civil Services Examination (CSEs) are conducted once a year. In every year’s UPSC examination, lakhs of candidates take part, but only a few are selected. CSE takes place in three stages, including:

  1. Preliminary examination
  2. Main examination
  3. Interview/Personality Test

Preliminary exams are screening tests, which are objective in nature. In order to qualify for the main examination, candidates must clear the prelims exam. Among the subjects examined in the main examination are Essay, English, General Studies, and optional subjects. During the last stage of the examination, you will be interviewed or tested on your personality. Below are more details about the IAS exam pattern.

How many attempts for UPSC?

There is a limit to how many attempts a candidate can make to write the UPSC CSE. For example, candidates in the General category are allowed six attempts. The UPSC exam must therefore be taken seriously by all UPSC aspirants from the beginning. In terms of age limits, education qualifications, and other eligibility requirements, the UPSC has outlined a set of criteria for applicants to apply to CSE. Before applying for the UPSC exams, candidates should carefully review the eligibility criteria provided in the official notification.

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2023 PDF

Examination TypeCSE Preliminary Examination
  1. General Studies Paper-I (GS-I) [100 Questions]
  2. General Studies Paper-II (GS-II)(CSAT)[100 Questions]
Types of Question 

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) [Objective Questions]

Exam Time Alloted for Each Papers
  1. GS-I  [ 2 Hours (9:30 AM -11:30 AM)]
  2. GS-II CSAT  [2 Hours (2:30 PM – 4:30 PM)]
  1. Hindi
  2. English
Negative Marking1/3 % of marks will be deducted for each wrong answer

UPSC Syllabus for General Studies Paper-I (Prelims Paper I)

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science.


UPSC Syllabus for General Studies Paper-II (Prelims Paper II)

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level)

UPSC Mains Syllabus 2023 PDF

Paper-IEssay (can be written in the medium of the candidate’s choice)250
Paper-IIGeneral Studies – I (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society)250
Paper-IIIGeneral Studies – II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations)250
Paper-IVGeneral Studies – III (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Security & Disaster Management)250
Paper-VGeneral Studies – IV (Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude)250
Paper-VIOptional Subject – Paper I250
Paper-VIIOptional Subject – Paper II250

UPSC Mains Paper 1 Syllabus 2023 [Paper -I 250 Marks]

Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

UPSC Mains Paper 2 Syllabus 2023 [Paper -II 250 Marks]

General Studies-I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present – significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone. etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

UPSC Mains Paper 3 Syllabus 2023 [Paper -III 250 Marks]

General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

  • Constitution of India —historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  • Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the
  • Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighbourhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

UPSC Mains Paper 4 Syllabus 2023 [Paper -IV 250 Marks]

General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

UPSC Mains Paper 5 Syllabus 2023 [Paper -V 250 Marks]

General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on the above issues.

UPSC Mains Paper 6 and 7 Syllabus 2023 [Paper -VI & VII 250 Marks] [Optional Subject – Paper I and 2]

  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • History
  • Law
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology
  • Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

Each paper will be of three hours duration.

People Also Ask

Will Optional be removed from UPSC 2023?

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is all set to announce the new civil services examination schedule for the year 2023 on Thursday. However, there are rumours that Optional may be removed from the examination. This comes as a surprise as it was included in the earlier announcement. The commission has not confirmed or denied any such reports. It is still possible that Optional may be retained, but this needs to be clarified soon.

No, the Optional Subjects are still a part of the UPSC Mains exam and are not removed. Recently, it was rumored that the Optional Subjects would be discontinued from the Mains examination. However, this is not true. The UPSC has clarified that while there may be minor changes to the format of the examinations, the optional subjects will continue to be a part of UPSC examinations.


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